Katharina Paschinger

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Due to their ability to bind specifically to certain carbohydrate sequences, lectins are a frequently used tool in cytology, histology, and glycan analysis but also offer new options for drug targeting and drug delivery systems. For these and other potential applications, it is necessary to be certain as to the carbohydrate structures interacting with the(More)
During murine schistosomiasis, egg-derived glycoconjugates play a key role in skewing the immune response towards a Th2 phenotype. Among the candidates responsible for this effect, complex-type N-glycans containing the core alpha 3-fucose and core beta 2-xylose determinants, two glycan epitopes found in some invertebrate- and plant-derived allergens, may be(More)
The physiological role of fungal galectins has remained elusive. Here, we show that feeding of a mushroom galectin, Coprinopsis cinerea CGL2, to Caenorhabditis elegans inhibited development and reproduction and ultimately resulted in killing of this nematode. The lack of toxicity of a carbohydrate-binding defective CGL2 variant and the resistance of a C.(More)
Antibodies are very often used as specific cell and/or tissue markers. An example of this is anti-horseradish peroxidase (HRP), an antibody raised against a plant glycoprotein, which was shown some twenty-five years ago to specifically stain neural tissue in an animal, Drosophila melanogaster. This peculiar finding was later expanded to other invertebrate(More)
Determining the exact nature of N-glycosylation in Caenorhabditis elegans, a nematode worm and genetic model organism, has proved to have been an unexpected challenge in recent years; a wide range of modifications of its N-linked oligosaccharides have been proposed on the basis of structural and genomic analysis. Particularly mass spectrometric studies by a(More)
Core alpha1,6-fucosylation is a conserved feature of animal N-linked oligosaccharides being present in both invertebrates and vertebrates. To prove that the enzymatic basis for this modification is also evolutionarily conserved, cDNAs encoding the catalytic regions of the predicted Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster homologs of vertebrate(More)
Cross-reactivity with anti-horseradish peroxidase antiserum is a feature of many glycoproteins from plants and invertebrates; indeed staining with this reagent has been used to track neurons in Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans. Although in insects the evidence indicates that the cross-reaction results from the presence of core(More)
Peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase A (PNGase A) was purified from almonds (Prunus amygdalus var. dulcis). Contrary to previous results in the literature, the enzyme appeared to be a heterodimer with subunits of 55 and 27 kDa when analysed by SDS/PAGE and two-dimensional electrophoresis. Peaks corresponding to molecular masses of 54.2,(More)
In many invertebrates and plants, the N-glycosylation profile is dominated by truncated paucimannosidic N-glycans, i.e. glycans consisting of a simple trimannosylchitobiosyl core often modified by core fucose residues. Even though they lack antennal N-acetylglucosamine residues, the biosynthesis of these glycans requires the sequential action of GlcNAc(More)
Although countless genomes have now been sequenced, the glycomes of the vast majority of eukaryotes still present a series of unmapped frontiers. However, strides are being made in a few groups of invertebrate and unicellular organisms as regards their N-glycans and N-glycosylation pathways. Thereby, the traditional classification of glycan structures(More)