Katharina Muth

Learn More
This review focuses on problems of the intracellular regulation of mitochondrial function in the brain via the (i) supply of mitochondria with ADP by means of ADP shuttles and channels and (ii) the Ca(2+) control of mitochondrial substrate supply. The permeability of the mitochondrial outer membrane for adenine nucleotides is low. Therefore rate dependent(More)
Closeout of a clinical trial, whether carried out to its original completion of full accrual and attendant follow-up or stopped prematurely because of early indications of efficacy or adverse toxicity, presents challenges in many areas. Closing a clinical trial that fails to adequately accrue and/or successfully follow up patients may exacerbate these(More)
BACKGROUND Both didanosine and zalcitabine are commonly used to treat patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who cannot tolerate zidovudine treatment or who have had disease progression despite it. The relative efficacy and safety of these second-line therapies are not well defined. METHODS In this multicenter, open-label trial we(More)
A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was set up to compare clindamycin and pyrimethamine as prophylaxis for toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE) in HIV-infected patients at risk of the disorder. Interim analysis showed that clindamycin-treated patients were 4.4 (95% confidence interval 1.3-15.2) times more likely to experience an adverse effect that(More)
The relationship between Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection of blood and bone marrow was studied in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients before and during treatment. Quantitative cultures were obtained at baseline from 17 persons with newly detected MAC bacteremia. Serial blood cultures were obtained, and a second bone marrow sample was(More)
Pyrimethamine, 25 mg thrice weekly, was evaluated as primary prophylaxis for toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE) in a double-blind, randomized clinical trial in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease, absolute CD4 lymphocyte count of < 200/microL (or prior AIDS-defining opportunistic infection), and the presence of serum IgG to Toxoplasma(More)
Transgenic mice in which interleukin-4 (IL-4) is expressed under the control of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I regulatory sequences show low level expression of IL-4 in all organs investigated. Several weeks after birth the animals develop thymus hypoplasia with a loss of CD4+CD8+ double-positive cells and a relative increase in the(More)
In this naturalistic study, 262 audiotaped psychotherapy sessions--randomly drawn from 81 individual therapies from eight different psychotherapy approaches--were rated completely on treatment adherence using a newly developed rating manual. In the therapy sessions, a relatively low percentage of treatment specific interventions (ranging from 4.2% to 27.8%)(More)
Early bactericidal activity (EBA) of antituberculosis drugs is the rate of decrease in the concentration of tubercle bacilli sputum during the initial days of therapy. The study reported here was designed to optimize the methodology for obtaining precise EBA measurements. The study compared the results with two versus five treatment days; overnight sputum(More)
To evaluate the effectiveness of low-dose oral alpha-interferon (alpha-IFN), 247 HIV-infected study subjects received placebo, Alferon LDO, Veldona, or Ferimmune in a randomized, double-blind trial. Subjects had CD4+ counts between 50 and 350 cells/mm3 and HIV-related symptoms at entry. Study subjects rated the severity of eight symptoms using a symptom(More)