Katharina Misof

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Random similarity of sequences or sequence sections can impede phylogenetic analyses or the identification of gene homologies. Additionally, randomly similar sequences or ambiguously aligned sequence sections can negatively interfere with the estimation of substitution model parameters. Phylogenomic studies have shown that biases in model estimation and(More)
Collagen type I is among the most important stress-carrying protein structures in mammals. Despite their importance for the outstanding mechanical properties of this tissue, there is still a lack of understanding of the processes that lead to the specific shape of the stress-strain curve of collagen. Recent in situ synchrotron X-ray scattering experiments(More)
Character matrices with extensive missing data are frequently used in phylogenomics with potentially detrimental effects on the accuracy and robustness of tree inference. Therefore, many investigators select taxa and genes with high data coverage. Drawbacks of these selections are their exclusive reliance on data coverage without consideration of actual(More)
PURPOSE Transparency and biomechanical properties of the cornea depend on the structure and organization of collagen fibrils. The authors determined diameter, axial period, and lateral molecular spacing of collagen fibrils in human corneal stroma as a function of age. METHODS Seventeen normal human corneas were investigated in their native state by means(More)
Collagen is the most abundant structural protein in vertebrates. The specific shape of its stress-strain curve is crucial for the function of a number of organs. Although the macroscopic mechanical behavior of collagen is well known, there is still no explanation of the elastic process at the supramolecular level. We have performed in situ synchrotron x-ray(More)
The structural and functional analysis of rRNA molecules has attracted considerable scientific interest. Empirical studies have demonstrated that sequence variation is not directly translated into modifications of rRNA secondary structure. Obviously, the maintenance of secondary structure and sequence variation are in part governed by different selection(More)
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a disease attributable to any of a large number of possible mutations of type I collagen. The disease is clinically characterized in part by highly brittle bone, the cause of this feature being unknown. Recently a mouse model of OI, designated as osteogenesis imperfecta murine (oim), and having a well defined genetic(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor gene encodes a transcriptional activator whose targets include genes that regulate cell cycle progression and apoptosis. Since we have shown that a critical event in the life history of the chondrocyte is programmed cell death, we asked the question: does loss of the p53 gene influence skeletogenesis? Female p53(+/-) mice were mated(More)
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