Katharina L. Becker

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Th cell responses induced by Aspergillus fumigatus have been extensively investigated in mouse models. However, the requirements for differentiation and the characteristics of A. fumigatus-induced human Th cell subsets remain poorly defined. We demonstrate that A. fumigatus induces Th1 and Th17 subsets in human PBMCs. Moreover, we show that the cytokine(More)
The galactosaminogalactan (GAG) is a cell wall component of Aspergillus fumigatus that has potent anti-inflammatory effects in mice. However, the mechanisms responsible for the anti-inflammatory property of GAG remain to be elucidated. In the present study we used in vitro PBMC stimulation assays to demonstrate, that GAG inhibits proinflammatory T-helper(More)
BACKGROUND Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that induces strong proinflammatory responses, such as IL-1β production. Much less is known about the induction of immune modulatory cytokines, such as the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) that is the main natural antagonist of IL-1, by C. albicans. METHODS Peripheral blood mononuclear cells(More)
UNLABELLED Chitin is an important cell wall component of Aspergillus fumigatus conidia, of which hundreds are inhaled on a daily basis. Previous studies have shown that chitin has both anti- and proinflammatory properties; however the exact mechanisms determining the inflammatory signature of chitin are poorly understood, especially in human immune cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Fungal skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) is a severe complication of otitis externa or sinonasal infection, and is mainly caused by Aspergillus species. Here we investigate innate and adaptive immune responses in patients with Aspergillus SBO to identify defects in the immune response that could explain the susceptibility to this devastating(More)
IL-1 drives Th responses, particularly Th17, in host defense. Sharing the same co-receptor, the IL-1 family member IL-36 exhibits properties similar to those of IL-1. In the present study, we investigated the role of IL-36 in Aspergillus fumigatus-induced human Th responses. We observed that different morphological forms of A. fumigatus variably increase(More)
Invasive aspergillosis mainly occurs in immunocompromised patients and is commonly caused by Aspergillus fumigatus, while A.nidulans is rarely the causative agent. However, in chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients, A. nidulans is a frequent cause of invasive aspergillosis and is associated with higher mortality. Immune recognition of A. nidulans was(More)
A large variety of fungi are present in the environment, among which a proportion colonizes the human body, usually without causing any harm. However, depending on the host immune status, commensals can become opportunistic pathogens that induce diseases ranging from superficial non-harmful infection to life-threatening systemic disease. The interplay(More)
The respiratory tract of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is colonised with a high diversity of micro-organisms. Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) show a high and increasing prevalence. 40% of these positive NTM cultures are caused by Mycobacterium abscessus [1], one of the rapidly growing NTMs present in the environment. Patients with M. abscessus(More)
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