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Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a survival-limiting factor in lung transplantation. There are no common BO markers in use. Since BO is associated with extracellular matrix remodeling, we asked whether matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) could serve as BO markers. In 72 lung transplant patients (34 BO syndrome (BOS) 0, 15 BOS(More)
Knowledge on interplay between the cardiac molecular response to transplantation-induced stress and primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is limited. A cDNA array identified HIF-1, EGR-1, NAB-2, VEGF-A and uPA as mediators of cardiac tissue response to transplantation-induced stress. mRNA expression of these molecules was measured in left ventricular biopsies(More)
Collagen overproduction characteristic for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is coregulated by endothelin (ET)-1, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and matrix metalloproteases (MMPs). Whether these molecules affect grafts transplanted to heart failure patients is unknown. In 67 idiopathic DCM patients, 31 patients with(More)
Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is a severe complication in lung transplantation. Therapeutic strategies are limited and there exist no predictive markers for PGD. To investigate whether vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) that regulates vascular permeability could predict PGD, pretransplant VEGF serum concentrations were measured in 150 lung(More)
Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), pathognomonic for chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) of the lung, is a progressive and often fatal complication after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Biomarkers for the prediction and diagnosis of BOS are urgently needed to improve patients' prognosis. We prospectively evaluated B-cell(More)
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a serious complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT). In 2005 the National Institutes of Health (NIH) established new criteria for chronic GVHD based on retrospective data and expert recommendations. We prospectively evaluated the incidence of NIH-defined chronic GVHD and its(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the prime regulator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability and its serum levels increase in cystic fibrosis (CF). The mechanisms of VEGF overproduction and its impact on CF lung pathology and pulmonary vascular permeability during lung transplantation are not fully understood. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Transplantation-induced hypoxia results in enhanced vascular permeability and tissue vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) overexpression in donor lung grafts. Promoter studies have uncovered a hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 binding site (HBS) in 5'-flanking region of VEGF gene that regulates the hypoxia-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is a life-threatening complication in cardiac transplantation. A sensitive, specific, and easily measurable predictor in donors could facilitate PGD prevention. METHODS AND RESULTS SMARCAL1 is a matrix-associated regulator of chromatin with helicase and ATPase activities, and its serum concentrations were(More)
BACKGROUND Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) remains the gold standard for acute cellular rejection (ACR) diagnosis in cardiac transplantation yet is subject to interobserver variability. A method that could avoid discordant EMB analysis would be desirable. The apoptosis rate in EMB correlates with ACR severity. Apollon inhibits apoptosis, and RNF41 catalyzes its(More)