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The theory of regulatory competition suggests a race to the bottom of environmental standards. This theory, however, has not found much empirical support. Several attempts to account for this theoretical failure have been made in the literature, which mainly refer to the underlying assumptions of the theory. In this article, we present an alternative(More)
Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) are a fascinating branch of computational intelligence with much potential for use in many application areas. The fundamental principle of EAs is to use ideas inspired by the biological mechanisms observed in nature, such as selection and genetic changes, to find the best solution for a given optimization problem. Generally,(More)
Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs), inspired by biological mechanisms observed in nature, such as selection and genetic changes, have much potential to find the best solution for a given optimisation problem. Contrary to Darwin, and according to Lamarck and Baldwin, organisms in natural systems learn to adapt over their lifetime and allow to adjust over(More)
Little empirically based social scientific research has been carried out with the aim of evaluating mediation procedures. Generally, such procedures are evaluated retrospectively and on the basis of very general criteria (Was an agreement achieved?). The Social Science Research Centre Berlin (WZB) is conducting a research project into mediation procedures(More)