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In vitro enzymatic activity highly depends on the reaction medium. One of the most important parameters is the buffer used to keep the pH stable. The buffering compound prevents a severe pH-change and therefore a possible denaturation of the enzyme. However buffer agents can also have negative effects on the enzymatic activity, such as competitive substrate(More)
Levulinic acid is a feasible platform chemical derived from acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of lignocellulose. The conversion of this substrate to (S)-γ-valerolactone ((S)-GVL) was investigated in a chemo-enzymatic reaction sequence that benefits from mild reaction conditions and excellent enantiomeric excess of the desired (S)-GVL. For that purpose, levulinic(More)
The hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus is an interesting organism for research and application, especially owing to its unique NADPH-dependent hydrogenase I. However, mass production of P. furiosus through fermentation is susceptible to fault because of its sensitivity to oxygen, a short exponential and stationary phase and a rapid cell lysis in(More)
The nonenolide hypocreolide A was isolated from culture filtrates of the ascomycete Hypocrea lactea. It exhibits moderate antimicrobial activity against various tested fungi and bacteria. Since neither the relative nor the absolute stereochemistry of the compound could be initially assigned, a stereochemically flexible total synthesis was developed. The two(More)
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