Katharina Brose

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Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are multipotent cells that reside in the bone marrow and replenish all adult hematopoietic lineages throughout the lifetime of the animal. While experimenting with staining of murine bone marrow cells with the vital dye, Hoechst 33342, we discovered that display of Hoechst fluorescence simultaneously at two emission(More)
To compare the ability of different cytokines and other molecules to enhance the immunogenicity of tumor cells, we generated 10 retroviruses encoding potential immunomodulators and studied the vaccination properties of murine tumor cells transduced by the viruses. Using a B16 melanoma model, in which irradiated tumor cells alone do not stimulate significant(More)
The ventral midline of the nervous system is an important choice point at which growing axons decide whether to cross and project contralaterally or remain on the same side of the brain. In Drosophila, the decision to cross or avoid the CNS midline is controlled, at least in part, by the Roundabout (Robo) receptor on the axons and its ligand, Slit, an(More)
We have analyzed the role of the Slit family of repellent axon guidance molecules in the patterning of the axonal projections of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) within the embryonic rat diencephalon and whether the slits can account for a repellent activity for retinal axons released by hypothalamus and epithalamus. At the time RGC axons extend over the(More)
In the past year, Slit proteins have been identified as important regulators of axon guidance and cell migration in Drosophila and vertebrates. Remarkably, they were simultaneously identified as negative regulators, repelling various axonal and cell migrations in both invertebrates and vertebrates, and as positive regulators, stimulating branching and(More)
The Slits are secreted proteins that bind to Robo receptors and play a role in axon guidance and neuronal migration. In vertebrates, Slit2 is a major chemorepellent for developing axons and is involved in the control of midline crossing. In vivo, Slit2 is cleaved into 140 kDa N-terminal (Slit2-N) and 55-60 kDa C-terminal (Slit2-C) fragments, although the(More)
To determine which features of retroviral vector design most critically affect gene expression in hematopoietic cells in vivo, we have constructed a variety of different retroviral vectors which encode the same gene product, human adenosine deaminase (EC 3.5.4.4), and possess the same vector backbone yet differ specifically in transcriptional control(More)
In vertebrates, Slit2 is a chemorepellent for some developing axons but stimulates axonal elongation and branching of sensory axons. In vivo, Slit2 is cleaved into 140-kDa N-terminal (Slit2-N) and 55- to 60-kDa C-terminal fragments, but the uncleaved/full-length form can also be isolated from brain extracts. As Slit2-N and full-length Slit2 bind tightly to(More)
The resonance Raman (RR) spectra of beta-carotene have been studied in solution and in the protein complexes of photosystems I and II (PS I, PS II). The experimental studies are complemented by density functional theory (DFT) calculations that allow for a consistent assignment of most of the experimental RR bands in the region between 900 and 1650 cm(-1).(More)