Katerina Vlahos

Learn More
A major underlying cause for aging of the immune system is the structural and functional atrophy of the thymus, and associated decline in T cell genesis. This loss of naïve T cells reduces adaptive immunity to new stimuli and precipitates a peripheral bias to memory cells against prior antigens. Whilst multiple mechanisms may contribute to this process, the(More)
Cytotoxic antineoplastic therapy is used to treat malignant disease but results in long-term immunosuppression in postpubertal and adult individuals, leading to increased incidence and severity of opportunistic infections. We have previously shown that sex steroid ablation (SSA) reverses immunodeficiencies associated with age and hematopoietic stem cell(More)
Cytotoxic antineoplastic therapy is widely used in the clinic as a treatment for malignant diseases. The treatment itself, however, leads to long-term depletion of the adaptive immune system, which is more pronounced in older patients, predominantly due to thymic atrophy. We and others have previously shown that withdrawal of sex steroids is able to(More)
The ability to generate hematopoietic stem cells from human pluripotent cells would enable many biomedical applications. We find that hematopoietic CD34+ cells in spin embryoid bodies derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) lack HOXA expression compared with repopulation-competent human cord blood CD34+ cells, indicating incorrect mesoderm(More)
Recent evidence suggests that the decline in resistance to viral infections with age occurs predominantly as a result of a gradual loss of naïve antigen-specific T cells. As such, restoration of the naïve T cell repertoire to levels seen in young healthy adults may improve defence against infection in the aged. We have previously shown that sex steroid(More)
  • 1