Katerina Tritsaris

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Cancer metastases are commonly found in the lymphatic system. Like tumor blood angiogenesis, stimulation of tumor lymphangiogenesis may require the interplay of several tumor-derived growth factors. Here we report that members of the PDGF family act as lymphangiogenic factors. In vitro, PDGF-BB stimulated MAP kinase activity and cell motility of isolated(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) plays multiple roles in both intracellular and extracellular signalling mechanisms with implications for health and disease. This review focuses on the role of NO signalling in salivary secretion. Attention will be paid primarily to endogenous NO production in acinar cells resulting from specific receptor stimulation and to NO-regulated(More)
The activity of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in rat parotid acinar cells was measured using a newly synthesized fluorescent NO indicator DAF-2/DA. Our results show that NO production is most effectively stimulated by activation of the β-adrenergic receptor, and to a minor extent by substance P (SP). NO activates the production of cGMP, an intracellular(More)
VEGF coordinates complex regulation of cellular regeneration and interactions between endothelial and perivascular cells; dysfunction of the VEGF signaling system leads to retinopathy. Here, we show that systemic delivery of VEGF and placental growth factor (PlGF) by protein implantation, tumors, and adenoviral vectors ablates pericytes from the mature(More)
The effect of extracellular ATP on the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and inositol phosphate production following stimulation with the muscarinic cholinergic agonist acetylcholine (ACh) was investigated in isolated rat parotid acinar cells. Stimulation of rat parotid acinar cells with ATP4- results in a rise in [Ca2+]i that is due to influx(More)
OBJECTIVE The investigation aimed at determining the effectiveness of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee by conducting a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. DESIGN The trial consisted of 2h daily treatment 5 days per week for 6 weeks in 83 patients with knee OA. Patient(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a well-known neurotrophin. We determined whether NGF can activate endothelial cell migration and signalling that underlie angiogenic processes. We showed that aorta endothelial cells express mRNA for both the receptor tyrosine kinase TrkA and the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) that associates with TrkA when signalling(More)
Tumor growth and metastasis require concomitant growth of new blood vessels, which are stimulated by angiogenic factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), secreted by most tumors. Whereas the angiogenic property and molecular mechanisms of VEGF have been well studied, the biological function of its related homolog, placenta growth factor(More)
IL-20 is an arteriogenic cytokine that remodels collateral networks in vivo, and plays a role in cellular organization. Here, we investigate its role in lymphangiogenesis using a lymphatic endothelial cell line, hTERT-HDLEC, which expresses the lymphatic markers LYVE-1 and podoplanin. Upon stimulation of hTERT-HDLEC with IL-20, we found an increase in the(More)
The correlation between acetylcholine induced changes in the intracellular free, Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), and the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) content in isolated acini from the rat parotid and lacrimal glands was investigated. Applying digital image processing on Fura-2 loaded acini, we observed that Ca2+ increases either simultaneously(More)