Katerina Pardali

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Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a secreted polypeptide that signals via receptor serine/threonine kinases and intracellular Smad effectors. TGF-beta inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in various cell types, and accumulation of loss-of-function mutations in the TGF-beta receptor or Smad genes classify the pathway as a tumor suppressor(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is a secreted protein that regulates proliferation, differentiation and death of various cell types. All immune cell lineages, including B, T and dendritic cells as well as macrophages, secrete TGF-beta, which negatively regulates their proliferation, differentiation and activation by other cytokines. Thus,(More)
The cell cycle inhibitor protein p21(WAF1/Cip1) (p21) is a critical downstream effector in p53-dependent mechanisms of growth control and p53-independent pathways of terminal differentiation. We have recently reported that the transforming growth factor-beta pathway-specific Smad3 and Smad4 proteins transactivate the human p21 promoter via a short proximal(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and Notch act as tumor suppressors by inhibiting epithelial cell proliferation. TGF-beta additionally promotes tumor invasiveness and metastasis, whereas Notch supports oncogenic growth. We demonstrate that TGF-beta and ectopic Notch1 receptor cooperatively arrest epithelial growth, whereas endogenous Notch(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) inhibits cell cycle progression, in part through up-regulation of gene expression of the p21(WAF1/Cip1) (p21) cell cycle inhibitor. Previously we have reported that the intracellular effectors of TGF-beta, Smad3 and Smad4, functionally cooperate with Sp1 to activate the human p21 promoter in hepatoma HepG2 cells.(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) inhibits epithelial cell growth, in part via transcriptional induction of the cell cycle inhibitor p21(WAF1/Cip1) (p21). We show that bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-7 induces higher p21 expression than TGF-beta1 in various epithelial cells. Despite this, BMP-7 only weakly suppresses epithelial cell proliferation,(More)
Smad proteins transduce transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signals that regulate cell growth and differentiation. We have identified YY1, a transcription factor that positively or negatively regulates transcription of many genes, as a novel Smad-interacting protein. YY1 represses the induction of immediate-early(More)
BACKGROUND The in situ proximity ligation assay (PLA) allows a protein or protein complex to be represented as an amplifiable DNA molecule. Recognition is mediated by proximity probes consisting of antibodies coupled with oligonucleotides. Upon dual binding of the proximity probes, the oligonucleotides direct the formation of a circular DNA molecule, which(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) suppresses epithelial cell growth. We have identified a new target gene of the TGF-beta/Smad pathway, Meox2, encoding the homeodomain transcription factor that is known to regulate endothelial cell proliferation and muscle development. Knockdown of endogenous Meox2 by RNA interference prevented the(More)
Detection and localization of fluorescent signals in relation to other subcellular structures is an important task in various biological studies. Many methods for analysis of fluorescence microscopy image data are limited to 2D. As cells are in fact 3D structures, there is a growing need for robust methods for analysis of 3D data. This article presents an(More)