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BACKGROUND Despite recent technical improvements, many human preimplantation embryos fail to develop to the blastocyst stage or implant after transfer to the uterus. A possible cause for this developmental arrest is the high incidence of nuclear and postzygotic chromosomal abnormalities observed during cleavage, including chaotic chromosome complements,(More)
Studies of nuclear organisation, most commonly determining the nuclear location of chromosome territories and individual loci, have furthered our understanding of nuclear function, differentiation and disease. In this study, by examining eight loci on different chromosomes, we tested hypotheses that: (1) totipotent human blastomeres adopt a nuclear(More)
In man high levels of aneuploidy are seen in spontaneous abortions. Very few autosomal trisomies survive to birth, the three most common being those for chromosome 13, 18 and 21 giving rise to the syndromes named Patau, Edwards and Down respectively. Since the majority of these spontaneously abort, what makes the survivors different from the aborters? Could(More)
STUDY QUESTION Does substituting 150 µg corifollitropin alfa for 450 IU follitropin beta during the first 7 days of ovarian stimulation in proven poor responders, result in retrieval of a non-inferior number (<1.5 fewer) of cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs)? SUMMARY ANSWER A single s.c. dose of 150 µg corifollitropin alfa on the first day of ovarian(More)
In humans and most mammals, with the exception of some rodents notably the mouse, the centrosome, which is the organizing centre of the spindle, is uniparentally (paternally) inherited. The sperm centrosome is transmitted to the egg at fertilization, forming an aster comprising radially arrayed microtubules that brings the male and female pronuclei into(More)
Use of a non-contact infrared laser (IRL) or acid Tyrode's for zona drilling before embryo biopsy was compared by assessing blastomere viability using various fluorescent markers or culture of the single biopsied blastomere, and, by cytoskeletal and molecular cytogenetic analysis of the biopsied embryos following culture to the blastocyst stage. There was(More)
BACKGROUND Vitrification of human blastocysts is being used increasingly to cryopreserve supernumerary embryos following IVF. In this study, we investigate the effects of aseptic vitrification on the cytoskeleton and development of human blastocysts, by analysing survival rates and spindle and chromosome configurations by fluorescence and confocal laser(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform a highly detailed semen analysis in a man whose wife had a partial mole. DESIGN Case report. SETTING Gynecology departments of two university hospitals and a laboratory of histology/embryology. PATIENT(S) A 32-year-old man whose wife had a partial mole. INTERVENTION(S) Sperm characteristics were examined by light microscopy,(More)
Hypoxia is the lack of sufficient oxygenation of tissue, imposing severe stress upon cells. It is a major feature of many pathological conditions such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, cerebral hemorrhage, perinatal asphyxia and can lead to cell death due to energy depletion and increased free radical generation. The present study investigates the effect(More)
OBJECTIVES Coelocentesis is the earliest invasive prenatal diagnostic procedure that has recently been used in ongoing pregnancies to identify single gene defects. Aneuploidy screening has not yet been performed in ongoing pregnancies following coelocentesis, but experimental studies have demonstrated the ability of determining the copy number of(More)