Tissue factor (TF), a rate-limiting enzyme cofactor in activating coagulation, is highly expressed in a wide spectrum of human tumor and tumor stromal cells. Using TF-deficient cancer cells and a conditional TF-knockout mouse model, we show that TF expressed by cancer cells, but not by the host stromal cells, plays a critical role in tumor growth. In the… (More)
Currently the only therapy for botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A) poisoning is antitoxin. Antidotes that are effective after BoNT/A has entered the motor nerve terminals would dramatically benefit BoNT/A therapy. Inhibition of proteolytic activity of BoNT/A light chain by metalloendoprotease inhibitors (MEIs) is under development. We tested the effects of MEIs… (More)
The development of a sensitive, yet reliable assay for the analysis of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A) inhibitors is described; using this assay a new protease inhibitor was characterized and found to be one of the most potent inhibitors reported to date.