Katelin N. Townsend

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Tumors and the immune system are intertwined in a competition where tilting the fine balance between tumor-specific immunity and tolerance can ultimately decide the fate of the host. Defensive and suppressive immunological responses to cancer are exquisitely sensitive to metabolic features of rapidly growing tumors, such as hypoxia, low nutrient(More)
Clear cell ovarian cancer histotypes exhibit metabolic features associated with resistance to hypoxia and glucose deprivation-induced cell death. This metabolic characteristic suggests that clear cell ovarian cancers activate survival mechanisms not typical of other epithelial ovarian cancers. Here we demonstrate that microtubule-associated protein 1 light(More)
Hypoxia is a signature feature of growing tumors. This cellular state creates an inhospitable condition that impedes the growth and function of all cells within the immediate and surrounding tumor microenvironment. To adapt to hypoxia, cells activate autophagy and undergo a metabolic shift increasing the cellular dependency on anaerobic metabolism.(More)
The activation and expansion of effector CD8(+) T cells are essential for controlling viral infections and tumor surveillance. During an immune response, T cells encounter extrinsic and intrinsic factors, including oxidative stress, nutrient availability, and inflammation, that can modulate their capacity to activate, proliferate, and survive. The(More)
BACKGROUND When T cells infiltrate the tumor environment they encounter a myriad of metabolic stressors including hypoxia. Overcoming the limitations imposed by an inadequate tumor vasculature that contributes to these stressors may be a crucial step to immune cells mounting an effective anti-tumor response. We sought to determine whether the functional(More)
INTRODUCTION Episodic ataxia (EA) is characterized by paroxysmal attacks of ataxia interspersed by asymptomatic periods. Dominant mutations or copy number variants in CACNA1A are a well-known cause of EA. CLINICAL PRESENTATION This boy presented with clinical features of episodic ataxia, and also showed cerebellar atrophy, hypotonia, autism and global(More)
We describe a patient who presented with a localized growth of mature fat tissue, which was surgically removed. MRI imaging identified diffuse increase in visceral adipose tissue. Targeted deep sequencing of the resected tissue uncovered a p.H1047R variant in PIK3CA, which was absent in blood. This report expands the phenotypic spectrum of mosaic PIK3CA(More)
Weaver syndrome (WS) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by generalized overgrowth, macrocephaly, specific facial features, accelerated bone age, intellectual disability, and susceptibility to cancers. De novo mutations in the enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) have been shown to cause WS. EZH2 is a histone methyltransferase that acts as the(More)
TRPV4 encodes a polymodal calcium-permeable plasma membrane channel. Dominant pathogenic mutations in TRPV4 lead to a wide spectrum of abnormal phenotypes. This is the first report of biallelic TRPV4 mutations and we describe two compound heterozygous siblings presenting with a complex phenotype including severe neuromuscular involvement. In light of(More)
In ovarian cancer, it has become increasingly clear that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) confer a survival benefit to patients. It is tempting to strive to further define the key TIL subsets driving antitumor immunity, as one can envision developing T cell-based therapy armed with this knowledge. Indeed, refinements in adoptive T-cell therapy seeking(More)