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BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies have identified several common genetic variants associated with breast cancer risk. It is likely, however, that a substantial proportion of such loci have not yet been discovered. METHODS We compared 296,114 tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 1694 breast cancer case subjects (92% with two primary cancers(More)
Mammographic density is strongly associated with breast cancer risk, and endogenous hormones, which are risk factors for breast cancer, may be involved in the mechanism. This cross-sectional study of 494 premenopausal women is the first to account for cyclic variations in estrogen levels, by measuring urinary estrone glucuronide (E1G) in the periovulatory(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the maternal age-specific live birth prevalence (in the absence of prenatal diagnosis and selective termination) of trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome) and trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome) and compare it with that of trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). METHODS Records of prenatal and postnatal diagnoses from seven UK regional congenital anomaly(More)
Socioeconomic status (SES) is known to be positively associated with breast cancer risk but its relationship with mammographic density, a marker of susceptibility to breast cancer, is unclear. This study aims to investigate whether mammographic density varies by SES and to identify the underlying anthropometric, lifestyle and reproductive factors leading to(More)
The influence of dietary fatty acid composition on intestinal active and passive transport function, brush border membrane composition, and morphology was examined in rats. Animals fed a semisynthetic diet high in saturated fatty acids demonstrated enhanced in vitro jejunal uptake of decanoic, dodecanoic, palmitic, stearic, and linoleic acid, as well as(More)
Fabry's disease is a rare, sex-linked disorder of glycolipid metabolism. We describe a patient with watery diarrhea, early satiety, and asymptomatic cholelithiasis. The jejunal aspirate demonstrated bacterial overgrowth; sigmoidoscopy showed rectal angiokeratoma corpora diffusum. The gastric emptying rate measured with 99mTc-sulfur colloid was markedly(More)
(1) Intestinal absorption is altered under a variety of circumstances in health and disease and to determine a possible relationship between intestinal absorptive function and intestinal brush border membrane composition, we undertook the isolation and purification of rabbit jejunal and ileal brush borders, to allow further studies of their lipid(More)
BACKGROUND Mammographic density adjusted for age and body mass index (BMI) is a heritable marker of breast cancer susceptibility. Little is known about the biologic mechanisms underlying the association between mammographic density and breast cancer risk. We examined whether common low-penetrance breast cancer susceptibility variants contribute to(More)
The effect of a high-carbohydrate and a high-fat diet on nitrogen retention, substrate utilization, and serum hormone concentrations was assessed in six healthy male subjects. Both diets were fed at a level estimated to provide maintenance and 75% maintenance energy requirements. Urine and feces were collected and analyzed for N and energy content.(More)
Postoperative analgesia may be prolonged by the addition of clonidine to local anesthetic solutions used for regional anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to test this hypothesis in a clinical trial of patients undergoing podiatric surgery. The study design was prospective, double-blinded, and randomized. Ninety ASA physical status I or II patients(More)