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OBJECTIVES To test the acceptability, validity, and reliability of the short form 36 health survey questionnaire (SF-36) and to compare it with the Nottingham health profile. DESIGN Postal survey using a questionnaire booklet together with a letter from the general practitioner. Non-respondents received two reminders at two week intervals. The SF-36(More)
This article presents the results of a study to derive a preference-based single index from the SF-36. The study was an attempt to reconcile a profile health status measure, the SF-36, with the "quality adjusted life years" approach. The study undertook a parsimonious restructuring of the SF-36 using explicit criteria to form the SF-6D health state(More)
OBJECTIVES Many claims are made that complementary medicine use is a substantial and growing part of health-care behaviour. Estimates of practitioner visits in the USA and Australia indicate high levels of use and expenditure. No reliable population-based estimates of practitioner use are available for the UK. METHODS In 1998, a previously piloted postal(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a short course of traditional acupuncture improves longer term outcomes for patients with persistent non-specific low back pain in primary care. DESIGN Pragmatic, open, randomised controlled trial. SETTING Three private acupuncture clinics and 18 general practices in York, England. PARTICIPANTS 241 adults aged 18-65 with(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide the first valid and reliable estimate of the health status of Gypsies and Travellers in England by using standardised instruments to compare their health with that of a UK resident non-Traveller sample, drawn from different socioeconomic and ethnic groups, matched for age and sex. DESIGN Epidemiological survey, by structured(More)
BACKGROUND Non-clinical psychotic symptoms appear common in children, but it is possible that a proportion of reported symptoms result from misinterpretation. There is a well-established association between pre-morbid low IQ score and schizophrenia. Psychosis-like symptoms in children may also be a risk factor for psychotic disorder but their relationship(More)
BACKGROUND A comparison of the performance of the 5-item mental health dimension of SF-36 (MRI-5) with that of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) in a defined, non-patient population, using standard statistical tests. METHODS A postal survey of 3000 patients aged 16-64 years was conducted. Patients were randomly selected from the practice(More)
The paper describes the type and frequency of adverse events and transicnt reactions following consultations with professional acupuncturists. In a postal survey, involving 1,848 professional acupuncturists, all of whom were members of the British Acupuncture Council and practising in the UK, details of adverse events and transient reactions following(More)
BACKGROUND Nurses working in NHS Direct, the 24-hour telephone advice line in England, use computerized decision support software to recommend to callers the most appropriate service to contact, or to advise on self-care. AIMS To explore nurses' views of their roles and the computerized decision support software in NHS Direct. METHODS Qualitative(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cost effectiveness of acupuncture in the management of persistent non-specific low back pain. DESIGN Cost effectiveness analysis of a randomised controlled trial. SETTING Three private acupuncture clinics and 18 general practices in York, England. PARTICIPANTS 241 adults aged 18-65 with non-specific low back pain of 4-52(More)