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Uteroplacental vascular insufficiency in humans is a common cause of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and is associated with an increased incidence of perinatal asphyxia and neurodevelopmental disorders compared to normal weight newborns. Experimental models that provide an opportunity to analyze the pathogenesis of these relationships are limited.(More)
The human genetic disorder ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is characterised by neurodegeneration, immunodeficiency, radiosensitivity, cell cycle checkpoint defects, genomic instability and cancer predisposition. Progressive cerebellar ataxia represents the most debilitating aspect of this disorder. At present, there is no therapy available to cure or prevent(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) can increase susceptibility to perinatal hypoxic brain injury for reasons that are unknown. Previous studies of the neonatal IUGR brain have suggested that the cerebral mitochondrial capacity is reduced but the glycolytic capacity increased relative to normal weight (NW) neonates. In view of these two factors, we(More)
The autosomal recessive disorder ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is characterized by genome instability, cancer predisposition and neurodegeneration. Although the role of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein, the protein defective in this syndrome, is well described in the response to DNA damage, its role in protecting the nervous system is less clear.(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) research in identifying altered brain structure and function in ataxia-telangiectasia, an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder, is limited. Diffusion-weighted MRI were obtained from 11 ataxia telangiectasia patients (age range, 7-22 years; mean, 12 years) and 11 typically developing age-matched participants (age(More)
BACKGROUND Our understanding of the effect of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated gene mutations on brain structure and function is limited. In this study, white matter motor pathway integrity was investigated in ataxia telangiectasia patients using diffusion MRI and probabilistic tractography. METHODS Diffusion MRI were obtained from 12 patients (age range:(More)
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