Kate Sinclair

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Uteroplacental vascular insufficiency in humans is a common cause of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and is associated with an increased incidence of perinatal asphyxia and neurodevelopmental disorders compared to normal weight newborns. Experimental models that provide an opportunity to analyze the pathogenesis of these relationships are limited.(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to develop a measurement which enables research into the interdependent nature of clinical encounters. The prime objective was to develop an instrument capable of assessing the extent to which patients have been involved in (shared) decision making from two viewpoints-that of the patient and the clinician. METHODS To develop an(More)
BACKGROUND Movement disorder relapses after herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) encephalitis have been hypothesized to be secondary to postviral autoimmunity. Recently, a proportion of patients with HSV1 encephalitis (HSE) were shown to produce autoantibodies against N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). METHODS We measured autoantibodies against NMDAR and(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Nutritional issues that are associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) remain poorly understood. The aim of this analysis was to describe and explore longitudinal observations of body mass index (BMI) in a cohort of children with DMD. SUBJECTS/METHODS Anthropometric and clinical characteristics were collected retrospectively(More)
Hereditary hyperekplexia or startle disease is characterized by an exaggerated startle response, evoked by tactile or auditory stimuli, leading to hypertonia and apnea episodes. Missense, nonsense, frameshift, splice site mutations, and large deletions in the human glycine receptor α1 subunit gene (GLRA1) are the major known cause of this disorder. However,(More)
The human genetic disorder ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is characterised by neurodegeneration, immunodeficiency, radiosensitivity, cell cycle checkpoint defects, genomic instability and cancer predisposition. Progressive cerebellar ataxia represents the most debilitating aspect of this disorder. At present, there is no therapy available to cure or prevent(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) can increase susceptibility to perinatal hypoxic brain injury for reasons that are unknown. Previous studies of the neonatal IUGR brain have suggested that the cerebral mitochondrial capacity is reduced but the glycolytic capacity increased relative to normal weight (NW) neonates. In view of these two factors, we(More)
The autosomal recessive disorder ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is characterized by genome instability, cancer predisposition and neurodegeneration. Although the role of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein, the protein defective in this syndrome, is well described in the response to DNA damage, its role in protecting the nervous system is less clear.(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) research in identifying altered brain structure and function in ataxia-telangiectasia, an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder, is limited. Diffusion-weighted MRI were obtained from 11 ataxia telangiectasia patients (age range, 7-22 years; mean, 12 years) and 11 typically developing age-matched participants (age(More)