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BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that the effects of certain food additives may be synergistic or additive. Aspartame (ASP) and Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) are ubiquitous food additives with a common moiety: both contain acidic amino acids which can act as neurotransmitters, interacting with NMDA receptors concentrated in areas of the Central Nervous(More)
Previous studies have linked aspartame consumption to impaired retention of learned behavior in rodents. Prenatal exposure to aspartame has also been shown to impair odor-associative learning in guinea pigs; and recently, aspartame-fed hyperlipidemic zebrafish exhibited weight gain, hyperglycemia and acute swimming defects. We therefore investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of obesity and overweight is increasing globally. Frequently coexisting with under-nutrition in developing countries, obesity is a major contributor to chronic disease, and will become a serious healthcare burden especially in countries with a larger percentage of youthful population. 35% of the population of Saudi Arabia are under(More)
The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in the tissue and serum of subjects with diabetes has been linked to the pathogenesis of vascular complications. Because diabetes may be also complicated by increased susceptibility to recurrent infection, we investigated the effects of AGEs on human neutrophils, because their burst of activity(More)
AIMS Recent evidence suggests that intake of excessive dietary fat, particularly saturated fat and trans-hydrogenated oils (trans-fatty acids: TFA) can impair learning and memory. Central obesity, which can be induced by neonatal injections of monosodium Glutamate (MSG), also impairs learning and memory. To further clarify the effects of dietary fat and(More)
Significant immunological obstacles are to be negotiated before xenotransplantation becomes a clinical reality. An initial rejection of transplanted vascularized xenograft is attributed to Galα1,3Galβ1,4GlcNAc-R (Galα1,3-Gal)-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Hitherto, no receptor molecule has been identified that could account for(More)
BACKGROUND A paucity of information on biological sex-specific differences in cardiac gene expression in response to diet has prompted this present nutrigenomics investigation. Sexual dimorphism exists in the physiological and transcriptional response to diet, particularly in response to high-fat feeding. Consumption of Trans-fatty acids (TFA) has been(More)
Lipid metabolic disorder is a critical risk factor for metabolic syndrome, triggering debilitating diseases like obesity and diabetes. Both obesity and diabetes are the epicenter of important medical issues, representing a major international public health threat. Accumulation of fat in adipose tissue, muscles and liver and/or the defects in their ability(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease begins with a relatively benign hepatic steatosis, often associated with increased adiposity, but may progress to a more severe nonalcoholic steatohepatitis with inflammation. A subset of these patients develops progressive fibrosis and ultimately cirrhosis. Various dietary components have been shown to contribute to the(More)