Kate Poropatich

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Neuroendocrine cells are one of the epithelial populations in the prostate. Neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) has been observed in prostate cancer. In addition to small cell neuroendocrine carcinomas and carcinoid tumors of the prostate, prostatic adenocarcinomas may have NED. The incidence and clinical relevance of NED in prostatic adenocarcinoma is not(More)
A small subset of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected, therapy-naive individuals--referred to as long-term non-progressors (LTNPs)--maintain a favourable course of infection, often being asymptomatic for many years with high CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell counts (>500 cells  μl(-1)) and low plasma HIV-RNA levels (<10 ,000 copies ml(-1)). Research(More)
Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) is a neurologic disease that causes ascending paralysis and is triggered by a preceding bacterial or viral infection. Several studies have shown that patients with GBS have a recent history of infection due to Campylobacter jejuni. A literature review of published studies that reported rates of Campylobacter infection before or(More)
Leiomyoma with bizarre nuclei (LM-BN), is a variant of uterine smooth muscle tumor with atypical histologic features. Although some LM-BN share several significant genetic alterations with leiomyosarcoma, including p16 and p53, the underlying tumorigenesis of LM-BN remains largely unknown. As we previously reported, LM-BN can be divided into 2 subtypes,(More)
Almost two-thirds of all new cancer diagnoses are made in persons over the age of 65 years, yet it is unclear if age affects patient responsiveness to immunotherapy, which is increasingly becoming first-line therapy in advanced stages of different tumor types. Preclinical animal studies may be difficult to translate into humans since they frequently use(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear why human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has improved clinical behavior compared to HPV-negative HNSCC. We sought to better characterize the immune microenvironment of tongue cancers by examining the CD3 and CD8 TIL pattern in HPV-positive and HPV-negative tumors. METHODS Histologic(More)
BACKGROUND Pathological diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma (UC) is primarily based on cytological atypia. It has previously been shown that high-grade (HG) UC, particularly UC in situ cells (CIS), can be over five times the size of a lymphocyte. However, this has not been demonstrated in comparison to reactive urothelium. The objective of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a rare type of extranodal lymphoma with growth mainly in the lumina of vessels. We studied a small series of IVLBCL and focused on its central nervous system (CNS) involvement. METHODS Searching the medical records of Northwestern Memorial Hospital, we identified five cases of IVLBCL from January(More)
Understanding natural immunologic control over Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-1 replication, as occurs in rare long-term nonprogressors/elite controllers (LTNP/EC), should inform the design of efficacious HIV vaccines and immunotherapies. Durable control in LTNP/EC is likely mediated by highly functional virus-specific CD8(+) T-cells. Protective Human(More)
The success of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) inhibition in achieving a clinical response in a subset of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients emphasizes the need to better understand the immunobiology of HNSCC. Immunophenotyping was performed for 30 HCSCC patients [16 human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive; 14 HPV-negative] on matched tissue(More)
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