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BACKGROUND Previous research has predominately focused on patients with mental illness as the instigators, rather than the victims, of violence and criminal activity. However, patients with schizophrenia appear to experience a higher degree of victimization compared to general community samples. We aimed to establish the 1-month prevalence of violent and(More)
The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) is widely used in psychiatric research. Reflecting this common use, considerable attention has been applied to the psychometric properties of this instrument. However, despite the publication of numerous studies and analyses, it remains uncertain how best data from the PANSS should be analysed to best model(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent studies have proposed the existence of three distinct subgroups of bipolar 1 disorder based on age at onset (AAO). The present study aims to investigate potential clinical and functional differences between these subgroups in an Australian sample. METHODS Participants (n = 239) were enrolled in the Bipolar Comprehensive Outcomes Study(More)
Patient-rated life satisfaction and observer-rated quality of life (ORQOL) appear to have different determinants in patients with schizophrenia, although most studies conducted to date have used cross-sectional methods or related clinical dimensions at one time point with quality of life (QOL) measured at another. The aim of this study was to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Tobacco smoking is more prevalent among people with mental illnesses, including bipolar disorder, than in the general community. Most data are cross-sectional, and there are no prospective trials examining the relationship of smoking to outcome in bipolar disorder. The impact of tobacco smoking on mental health outcomes was investigated in a(More)
OBJECTIVE The treatment of patients with schizophrenia consumes a considerable proportion of health service budgets, yet there have been few attempts to prospectively analyse the costs associated with this condition. Amid the current debate about where to invest scarce treatment resources to achieve optimal outcomes, real-world studies, such as the(More)
BACKGROUND The Bipolar Comprehensive Outcomes Study (BCOS) is a 2-year, prospective, non-interventional, observational study designed to explore the clinical and functional outcomes associated with 'real-world' treatment of participants with bipolar I or schizoaffective disorder. All participants received treatment as usual. There was no study medication.(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been increasingly recognized that there is need to assess patient outcomes in schizophrenia across a broad range of dimensions. But few studies have attempted to do this in clinical populations and no systematic study has broadly assessed outcomes in schizophrenia in Australia using a longitudinal design. Thus, a real-world study, the(More)
BACKGROUND Specialised early intervention (SEI) programs have offered individuals with psychotic disorders and their families new hope for improving illness trajectories and outcomes. The Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre (EPPIC) was one of the first SEI programs developed in the world, providing services for young people experiencing their(More)