Kate Johnson

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Group liability in microcredit purports to improve repayment rates through peer screening, monitoring, and enforcement. However, it may create excessive pressure, and discourage reliable clients from borrowing. Two randomized trials tested the overall effect, as well as specific mechanisms. The first removed group liability from pre-existing groups and the(More)
LOINC is emerging as the standard for laboratory result names, and there is great interest in mapping legacy terms from laboratory systems to it. However, the mapping task is non-trivial, requiring significant resource commitment and a good understanding of the LOINC identifying attributes for the laboratory result names. Because the number of results in a(More)
Group liability is often portrayed as the key innovation that led to the explosion of the microcredit movement, which grew with the Grameen Bank in the 1970s and continues on today with hundreds of institutions around the world. Group liability claims to improve repayment rates and lower transaction costs when lending to the poor by providing incentives for(More)
Modern political philosophers have been notoriously reluctant to recognize desert in their theories of distributive justice. 2 A large measure of the philosophical resistance to desert can be attributed to the fact that much of what people possess ultimately derives from brute luck. If a person's assets come from brute luck, then she cannot be said truly to(More)
Misattributions about the origin of mental experience underlie most memory distortions and the role that emotion plays in such source monitoring errors is a critical theoretical and practical issue. Three experiments explored the impact of the direction and target of listeners' emotional focus on their subsequent ability to identify the origin of memories(More)
SUMMARY MAPS is a MicroArray Project System for management and interpretation of microarray gene expression experiment information and data. Microarray project information is organized to track experiments and results that are: (1) validated by performing analysis on stored replicate gene expression data; and (2) queried according to the biological(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. Research disseminated by IZA may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between(More)
Acknowledgments: This article is based on an earlier paper commissioned and distributed by the Australian Council of Deans and Directors of Graduate Students and presented to a meeting of Australian Pro Vice Chancellors of Research and, subsequently, at the Postgraduate Research Experience Questionnaire (PREQ) Seminar that was organized by the Graduate(More)
Solid area quality is one of the fundamental attributes that contributes to the perception of overall image quality. Area coverage, darkness (such as density, intensity, L*), gloss, and solid area mottle are all aspects of solid area quality that are routinely quantified. For example, measurement of overall gloss is quite common using commercially available(More)