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DUSPs (dual-specificity phosphatases) are a heterogeneous group of protein phosphatases that can dephosphorylate both phosphotyrosine and phosphoserine/phosphothreonine residues within the one substrate. DUSPs have been implicated as major modulators of critical signalling pathways that are dysregulated in various diseases. DUSPs can be divided into six(More)
Histone H2A.Z (H2A.Z) is an evolutionarily conserved H2A variant implicated in the regulation of gene expression; however, its role in transcriptional deregulation in cancer remains poorly understood. Using genome-wide studies, we investigated the role of promoter-associated H2A.Z and acetylated H2A.Z (acH2A.Z) in gene deregulation and its relationship with(More)
DNA methylation is an important epigenetic modification of DNA in mammalian genomes. DNA methylation patterns are established early in development, modulated during tissue-specific differentiation and disrupted in many disease states, including cancer. To understand further the biological functions of these changes, accurate and reproducible methods are(More)
To identify epigenetic-based biomarkers for diagnosis of ovarian cancer we performed MeDIP-Chip in A2780 and CaOV3 ovarian cancer cell lines. Validation by Sequenom massARRAY methylation analysis confirmed a panel of six gene promoters (ARMCX1, ICAM4, LOC134466, PEG3, PYCARD & SGNE1) where hypermethylation discriminated 27 serous ovarian cancer clinical(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vitro effect of anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody (MAb) C595 alone and in combination with docetaxel, on the growth and survival of different epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cell lines. MUC1 expression was assessed on EOC cell lines (OVCAR-3, IGROV-1, A2780, CAOV-3, TOV-21G, TOV-112D, SKOV-3 and OV-90) using(More)
Deregulation of microRNA (miRNA) expression can have a critical role in carcinogenesis. Here we show in prostate cancer that miRNA-205 (miR-205) transcription is commonly repressed and the MIR-205 locus is hypermethylated. LOC642587, the MIR-205 host gene of unknown function, is also concordantly inactivated. We show that miR-205 targets mediator 1 (MED1,(More)
Despite a high initial response rate to first-line platinum/paclitaxel chemotherapy, most women with epithelial ovarian cancer relapse with recurrent disease that becomes refractory to further cytotoxic treatment. We have previously shown that the E3 ubiquitin ligase, EDD, a regulator of DNA damage responses, is amplified and overexpressed in serous ovarian(More)
BACKGROUND The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system has been implicated in progression and poor prognosis in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. The present study investigated the distribution of uPA and its receptor (uPAR) in EOC cell lines, primary and metastatic tumors, and the relationship between uPA/uPAR and matrix metalloproteinase(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we showed that gene suppression commonly occurs across chromosome 2q14.2 in colorectal cancer, through a process of long-range epigenetic silencing (LRES), involving a combination of DNA methylation and repressive histone modifications. We now investigate whether LRES also occurs in prostate cancer across this 4-Mb region and whether(More)
Dual specificity phosphatases are characterised by their ability to dephosphorylate both phosphotyrosine and phosphoserine/threonine residues within the one substrate. The aim of this study was to characterise the phosphatase activity of the atypical dual specificity phosphatase, DUSP26 on MAP kinases, and to determine its expression, regulation and(More)
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