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The purpose of this project was to collate canine cardiopulmonary measurements from published and unpublished studies in our laboratory in 97 instrumented, unsedated, normovolemic dogs. Body weight; arterial and mixed-venous pH and blood gases; mean arterial, pulmonary arterial, pulmonary artery occlusion, and central venous blood pressures; cardiac output;(More)
Ivermectin is widely used in veterinary medicine as an anthelminthic and generally has a wide margin of safety, but Collies are prone to ivermectin toxicity. Two groups of Collies were presented to the University of California Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital (VMTH) with ivermectin toxicity. The medical records of the 2 groups of Collies were reviewed(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a complication of systemic disease in dogs. Antemortem diagnosis is challenging because of the lack of a confirmatory test. OBJECTIVES To retrospectively determine the diagnostic utility of D-dimer concentrations in dogs with necropsy-confirmed PE. ANIMALS Ten dogs with PE confirmed at necropsy that had D-dimer(More)
Organochlorine pesticides (OC) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in samples of breast milk taken from 92 donors representative of regional populations in southern Kazakstan. The World Health Organization protocol for assessing levels of chlorinated contaminants in breast milk was followed. The most prevalent OC residues were(More)
OBJECTIVE To report acid base, electrolyte, glucose, and lactate values collected during or immediately after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in dogs and cats. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING University Teaching Hospital. ANIMALS Thirty-two dogs and 10 cats. INTERVENTIONS None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Blood gas, electrolyte, glucose,(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence and causes of metabolic alkalosis in dogs and cats have not been fully investigated. OBJECTIVES To describe the incidence, nature, and etiology of metabolic alkalosis in dogs and cats undergoing blood gas analysis at a veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS Dogs and cats at a veterinary medical teaching hospital. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the osmole gap utilizing 18 previously published formulae for the estimation of serum osmolality in cats. PROCEDURES Serum samples were frozen at -80°C after routine biochemical analysis. An Advanced Micro Osmometer 3300 was used to measure serum osmolality. Eighteen previously reported formulae were used to calculate osmolality(More)
Capture myopathy and associated death have been reported with capture and restraint of greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber roseus) and lesser flamingos (Phoeniconaias minor). In chickens (Gallus gallus), blood lactate concentration levels have been used as indicators of muscle damage. Lactate has also been used to predict survival in humans and dogs.(More)
BACKGROUND Urine specific gravity (USG) is used clinically to estimate urine osmolality (UOsm). Although USG has been shown to have a linear correlation with UOsm in dogs, the relationship is altered when there are significant numbers of high molecular weight (MW) molecules in the urine. HYPOTHESIS USG would no longer predict UOsm in dogs given(More)
OBJECTIVE To present a series of evidence-based, consensus guidelines for veterinary CPR in dogs and cats. DESIGN Standardized, systematic evaluation of the literature, categorization of relevant articles according to level of evidence and quality, and development of consensus on conclusions for application of the concepts to clinical practice. Questions(More)