Kate G Davidson

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Although acute lung injury (ALI) is associated with inflammation and surfactant dysfunction, the precise sequence of these changes remains poorly described. We used oleic acid to study the pathogenesis of ALI in spontaneously breathing anesthetized rats. We found that lung pathology can occur far more rapidly than previously appreciated. Lung neutrophils(More)
The Australian lungfish Neoceratodus forsteri is the most primitive member of the lungfish family, with a surfactant lipid composition similar to the actinopterygiian fishes, which evolved 400 million years ago. We have analysed the proteins associated with surfactant isolated from lung lavage of this species, and used electron microscopy and(More)
Alveolar proteinosis (AP) is an idiopathic condition characterized by excess alveolar surfactant. Although the surfactant proteins (SP) are known to be aberrant, little is known of their variation between patients or their abundance relative to the lipids. We have examined surfactant composition in lavage fluid from 16 normal subjects and 13 patients with(More)
Although endotoxin-induced acute lung injury is associated with inflammation, alveolocapillary injury, surfactant dysfunction, and altered lung mechanics, the precise sequence of these changes is polemic. We have studied the early pathogenesis of acute lung injury in spontaneously breathing anesthetized rats after intravenous infusion of Salmonella abortus(More)
1. Although abnormalities in pulmonary surfactant were initially implicated in the pathogenesis of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) 30 years ago, most subsequent research has focused on mediators of the parenchymal acute lung injury (ALI) and the associated increase in alveolocapillary permeability. 2. Surfactant is essential for normal(More)
Treatment of rats with 10 mg.kg body wt-1 day-1 4-aminopyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (APP) for 2 days markedly reduced serum cholesterol and phospholipids. This was associated with large decreases in the principal component of alveolar surfactant, the disaturated phospholipids (DSP), in the lamellar body and in the tubular myelin-rich and -poor alveolar(More)
Alveolar disaturated phospholipids (DSPA) increase in vivo in rats with hyperpnea and in isolated perfused lungs (IPL) in response to either salbutamol or increasing tidal volume (VT). Because surfactant protein-A (SP-A) may play a role in surfactant homeostasis, we have examined the relationship between SP-A and DSP in the alveolus lamellar bodies (LB-A),(More)
Pulmonary surfactant abnormalities have consistently been documented in patients with acute lung injury (ALI), however, there is little evidence directly correlating them to altered respiratory mechanics. To explore this further, surfactant composition was measured in lung aspirate fluid collected on 15 occasions from 10 patients with ALI. The composition(More)
OBJECTIVE We test the hypothesis that the changes we observed previously in the relative amounts of disaturated phospholipids (DSP), cholesterol (CHOL), and surfactant protein-A (SP-A) in human alveolar surfactant in response to acute exercise, and which were related to fitness, can be induced by training. METHODOLOGY We examine the effect of 7 weeks'(More)
The use of verapamil, a calcium channel antagonist, to circumvent established resistance in human cancer cell lines has been reported for lung (Fetherston et al., 1985) and ovary (Rogan et al., 1984) using adriamycin and the vinca alkaloids. We were interested in its potential use for the enhancement of cytotoxicity of vindesine and cisplatinum in non-small(More)