Kate Donovan

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BACKGROUND Capsule endoscopy provides a minimally invasive examination of the entire small bowel. However, some children and disabled adults may be unable to independently ingest the capsule. A new method for endoscopic placement of the capsule endoscope is described. METHODS Consecutive children who required capsule endoscopy of the small bowel and who(More)
OBJECTIVE Glutamine (Gln) is a non-essential amino acid that plays an important role in energy metabolism for gastrointestinal epithelia and other cells with rapid turnover. We evaluated the effects of enteral supplementation with Gln in infants undergoing surgery for congenital or acquired gastrointestinal disease. METHODS This was a randomized,(More)
The therapeutic efficacy of clinafloxacin, a fluoroquinolone in clinical trials, was compared with that of ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone in a novel pneumococcal meningitis mouse model. Mice were challenged by the intracerebral ventricular route with 50 IL of a lethal bacterial suspension and treated subcutaneously 2 h later. Both penicillin-susceptible and(More)
INTRODUCTION Serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) has been shown to improve bowel function in short bowel syndrome. The effect of the STEP procedure on intestinal motility is not known, but some have hypothesized that it could disrupt bowel innervation and thus impair intestinal motility. METHODS Growing Yorkshire pigs (n = 7) underwent 3 operations at(More)
Previous studies which examined Transforming Growth Factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) generation have relied on the identification of TGF-beta 1 mRNA or measurement of TGF-beta 1 by bioassay. Quantitation of TGF-beta 1 message alone however is inadequate since the regulation of TGF-beta 1 synthesis is often post-transcriptional. TGF-beta 1 is poorly immunogenic,(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, patients undergoing stem cell transplantation (SCT) are commonly provided nutritional support with parenteral nutrition. The energy and nutrient needs of these patients have not been well studied. OBJECTIVE The objective was to measure resting energy expenditure (REE), dietary intake, and(More)
OBJECTIVES Because of the relationship between food and eosinophilic diseases, we hypothesize that patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) may be repeatedly exposed to nonacid ingested foodstuffs compared with patients without EE. Because inflammation is found throughout the esophagus in patients with EE, we further hypothesize that there would be more(More)
Endogenous production of alcohol in the gastrointestinal tract of humans was first reported in 1948 (1). Several cases were reported particularly in Japan and then from around the world (1–8). The term “auto-brewery syndrome” has been used to describe patients who become repeatedly inebriated after ingestion of food of high carbohydrate nature in the(More)
BACKGROUND Acebutolol is a unique beta blocker that possesses cardioselectivity, partial agonist activity, and membrane stabilizing activity. Sodium bicarbonate is used to reverse the cardiotoxic effects of other drugs with membrane stabilizing activity. There have been no reported cases of acebutolol-induced ventricular dysrhythmias treated successfully(More)
BACKGROUND The introduction of eGFR reporting and publication of national CKD guidelines has led to major challenges in primary and secondary care, leading to an increase in the number of referrals to nephrology clinics. We have shown that introduction of a renal patient care pathway reduces nephrology referrals and enables managed discharges of CKD(More)