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Angiogenesis is essential for endometrial growth and repair, and disruption of this process may lead to common disorders of women, including menorrhagia and endometriosis. In pregnancy, failure of the endometrial spiral arterioles to undergo remodeling leads to preeclampsia. Here we report that in addition to vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A),(More)
Endometrial growth and repair after menstruation are associated with profound angiogenesis. Abnormalities in these processes result in excessive or unpredictable bleeding patterns and are common in many women. It is therefore important to understand which factors regulate normal endometrial angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent secreted factor that promotes angiogenesis and maintains the integrity of the endothelium. Levels of VEGF are increased in many tumors and are elevated in women with pre-eclampsia, a serious disease of pregnancy. Here we show by in situ hybridization that the trophoblast contains the mRNA encoding a(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for normal mammalian development and is controlled by the local balance of pro- and antiangiogenic factors. Here we describe a novel mouse cDNA sequence encoding sFLT-1 that is a potent antagonist to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and show for the first time its in vivo production. In situ hybridization and Northern blot(More)
Angiogenesis is critical for the growth and metastasis of endometrial cancer and is therefore an important therapeutic target. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) is a key molecule in angiogenesis, but the identification of related molecules and the angiopoietins suggests a more complex picture. We investigated the presence of transcripts for(More)
BACKGROUND Heavy regular menstrual periods (menorrhagia) are an important cause of ill health in women and remain the leading indication for hysterectomy. Abnormalities of the endometrial blood vessels are among the possible causes of this condition. Many different factors affect endothelial cell growth, function and vessel remodelling. We sought to(More)
Pigs show epitheliochorial placentation, in which the maternal uterine epithelium and the fetal trophectoderm become closely apposed. There is no invasion of trophoblast into the maternal tissue, and nutrient and waste exchange take place across two epithelial layers beneath which a complex network of capillaries forms. Later in gestation, the epithelial(More)
Since retrograde menstruation is considered a key event in the aetiology of endometriosis, this study sought to determine whether the menstrual effluent of women with this condition is different from that of those with a normal pelvis. As the amount of blood lost during menstruation is thought to be higher in this group, measured objective menstrual blood(More)
Phosphoinositol-specific Phospholipase C plays an important role in transducing receptor generated signals to the rest of the cell. A cDNA encoding a phospholipase has been described (Bennett et al., 1988, Nature 334, 268-270). However it is probable that this cDNA in fact encodes a protein disulfide isomerase. Since the original work suggested that this(More)
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