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Classified as a distinct species in 1980, Lactobacillus reuteri strains have been used in probiotic formulations for intestinal and urogenital applications. In the former, the primary mechanism of action of L. reuteri SD2112 (ATCC 55730) has been purported to be its ability to produce the antibiotic 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA), also known as reuterin.(More)
The study examines the relationship between hallucinations/delusions and violent behaviour in a sample of long-stay inpatients with chronic schizophrenia. Thirty-one subjects defined as violent and meeting DSM-111-R criteria for schizophrenia were compared with 31 matched non-violent schizophrenia patients with respect to detailed phenomenologies of(More)
This study determined the prevalence and features of assaults on staff, compared them with other aggressive incidents by psychiatric in-patients, and studied their relationship with the ward atmosphere. There were 181 physical assaults among 279 staff in two months, i.e. 389 assaults per 100 staff per year. A few patients were responsible for the majority(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to determine, among patients in rehabilitation wards, the prevalence and nature of aggressive behaviour and the relationship between aggressive behaviour and patient characteristics and ward factors. METHOD The aggressive behaviour of all 220 inpatients within the rehabilitation program of a large psychiatric hospital in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the psychopathological correlates of aggressive behaviour in schizophrenia. METHOD Thirty-one aggressive patients in rehabilitation wards meeting DSM-III-R criteria for schizophrenia were compared with 31 matched non-aggressive patients in relation to their psychopathology using the Clinical Global Index(More)
Vision is suppressed during blinks and saccadic eye movements. We hypothesized that visual reaction times (RTs) in a vigilance test would be significantly increased when a blink or a saccade happened to coincide with the stimulus onset. Thirty healthy volunteers each performed a visual RT test for 15 min while their eye and eyelid movements were monitored(More)
The host determinants of susceptibility to recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are poorly understood. We investigated whether the susceptibility is associated with abnormalities in the immunological defense and further explored the linkage to vaginal microbiota. For this purpose, we compared vaginal, urine, and blood samples collected during a(More)
̈ Summary Question of the study The drowsiness of drivers is believed to be a major cause of road crashes, but there is no standardized method for determining how drowsy a driver is or was at a particular time. This report describes how drowsiness, measured on a new scale (the Johns Drowsiness Scale or JDS) based on a weighted combination of ocular(More)
Of 73 patients who met selection criteria to enter into a study on aggressive behaviour in schizophrenia, 11 patients (15.1%) did not participate. The participants and non-participants were similar in age, gender ratio and proportion who had aggressive behaviour. The participants, however, had a longer duration of illness, a longer duration of current(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether extrapyramidal side effects of neuroleptics are associated with aggressive behaviour in schizophrenia. Thirty-one physically aggressive patients meeting DSM-III-R criteria for schizophrenia were compared with 31 matched non-aggressive patients in relation to their extrapyramidal side effects, including(More)