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An Antarctic sea ice bacterium of the Gram-negative genus Colwellia, strain SLW05, produces an extracellular substance that changes the morphology of growing ice. The active substance was identified as a approximately 25-kDa protein that was purified through its affinity for ice. The full gene sequence was determined and was found to encode a 253-amino acid(More)
Genome stability maintenance is regulated by both genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. DNA methylation is the predominant epigenetic mechanism in regulation of gene expression and in suppression of mobile DNA elements from random integration in the genome. The importance of DNA methylation in tumorigenesis has been demonstrated in cancer cells, which harbor(More)
The larval salivary gland of Drosophila melanogaster synthesizes and secretes glue glycoproteins that cement developing animals to a solid surface during metamorphosis. The steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) is an essential signaling molecule that modulates most of the physiological functions of the larval gland. At the end of larval development, it(More)
The DNA damage checkpoint protein kinase mutated in ataxia telangiectasia (ATM) is involved in sensing and transducing DNA damage signals by phosphorylating and activating downstream target proteins that are implicated in the regulation of cell cycle progression and DNA repair. Atm-/- cells are defective in cellular proliferation mediated by the Arf/p53/p21(More)
Retinoic acid (RA), a bioactive chemical compound synthesized from dietary derived vitamin A, has been successfully used as a chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agent through the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis acting via the retinoic acid receptors. Despite two decades of research on the function of retinoic acid, the(More)
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), which is due to mutations in the ATM gene, is a rare autosomal recessive genomic instability syndrome characterized by radiosensitivity and predisposition to cancer. Epidemiological studies have suggested that relatives of A-T patients (A-T carriers) have increased risks of developing breast cancer. We propose that increased(More)
We report the establishment of a breast epithelial cell model that undergoes growth arrest at different stages of the cell cycle depending upon the DNA damaging agents encountered. Primary breast epithelial cells from normal reductive mammoplasty were grown in low-calcium culture medium. Free-floating cells under this condition were separated and used for(More)
Centrosome amplification has been proposed to contribute to the development of aneuploidy and genome instability. Here, we show that Ataxia-Telangiectasia Mutated (ATM) is localized to the centrosome and co-purified with gamma-tubulin. The importance of ATM in centrosome duplication is demonstrated in Atm-deficient primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts that(More)
Atm is a stress-induced DNA damage checkpoint protein kinase with multiple roles in cell-cycle progression. Recent evidence indicates that Atm also plays a role in stem cell maintenance and self-renewal. It is not known whether Atm has a role during tissue regeneration. Using liver regeneration as a model system, we examined the role of Atm in this process.(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is invariably associated with chromosomal translocation to retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) locus. In a vast majority of cases, RARalpha translocates to and fuses with the promyelocytic leukemia (PML) gene. It was thought that the fusion protein PML-RARalpha acts as a double dominant negative mutant to inhibit the(More)
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