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1. The contribution of 33 corticomotoneuronal (CM) cells, recorded in the primary motor cortex, to the production of precision grip force has been investigated in four monkeys (Macaca nemestrina). These CM cells were shown, by spike-triggered averaging, to facilitate electromyographic (EMG) activity of hand and forearm muscles. 2. Single-cell recordings(More)
1. During independent finger movements, the intrinsic muscles of the hand show a fractionated pattern of activity in which the timing and amplitude of electromyographic (EMG) activity varies considerably from one muscle to another. It has been suggested that, in the macaque monkey, corticomotoneuronal (CM) cells that produce postspike facilitation (PSF) of(More)
1. This study assessed the facilitation by cortico-motoneuronal (CM) cells of hand and forearm muscles at different levels of EMG activity. 2. Twenty-three CM cells were recorded in six hemispheres of four trained monkeys. CM cells were identified by the presence of post-spike facilitation (PSF) in spike-triggered averages (STAs) of their target muscles.(More)
BACKGROUND The evaluation of interventions and policies designed to promote resilience, and research to understand the determinants and associations, require reliable and valid measures to ensure data quality. This paper systematically reviews the psychometric rigour of resilience measurement scales developed for use in general and clinical populations. (More)
Neonatal hypoxic ischaemic (HI) injury frequently causes neural impairment in surviving infants. Our knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanisms is still limited. Protein deimination is a post-translational modification caused by Ca(+2) -regulated peptidylarginine deiminases (PADs), a group of five isozymes that display tissue-specific expression and(More)
The thin ideal has been identified as playing a central role in female body dissatisfaction. However, research into idealization of thinness in young women tends to focus on quantitative measures that can mask the complexity of attitudes and experiences. This article describes a series of focus groups with 41 females aged 16-26 and explores the multifaceted(More)
This study examined whether young women who make implicit associations between underweight models and positive attributes report elevated eating disorder symptoms. Ninety nine female undergraduates completed a weight based implicit association test (IAT) and self report measures of body dissatisfaction, thin-ideal internalization and eating disorder(More)
Ageing is associated with reduced energy intake and loss of appetite. Older men tend to have poorer dietary intakes including consumption of fewer fruits and vegetables in comparison to older women. Living and eating alone further diminishes food consumption and dietary quality. The aim of the present study was to explore food choice and energy intake in(More)
Many factors influence physical attractiveness, including degree of symmetry and relative length of legs. We asked a sample of 112 young adults to rate the attractiveness of computer-generated female bodies that varied in terms of symmetry and leg-to-body ratio. These effects were confirmed. However, we also varied whether the person in the image was shown(More)
The Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI; Garner, Olmsted, & Polivy, 1983) is used as a screening instrument for identifying potential anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. It comprises eight subscales: Bulimia, Drive for Thinness, Body Dissatisfaction, Maturity Fears, Introceptive Awareness, Perfectionism, Interpersonal Distrust, and Ineffectiveness. We examined(More)