Kate Arnold

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Syntax sets human language apart from other natural communication systems, although its evolutionary origins are obscure. Here we show that free-ranging putty-nosed monkeys combine two vocalizations into different call sequences that are linked to specific external events, such as the presence of a predator and the imminent movement of the group. Our(More)
indeed he played the major role in its development. But the idea originated with Price, in an unpublished manuscript that Maynard Smith had reviewed for Nature. Maynard Smith later explained that " Dr Price is better at having ideas than at publishing them. The best I can do therefore is to acknowledge that if there is anything in the idea the credit should(More)
Many animal vocal signals are given in a wide range of contexts which can sometimes have little in common. Yet, to respond adaptively, listeners must find ways to identify the cause of a signal, or at least rule out alternatives. Here, we investigate the nature of this process in putty-nosed monkeys, a forest primate. In this species, adult males have a(More)
Syntax is widely considered the feature that most decisively sets human language apart from other natural communication systems. Animal vocalisations are generally considered to be holistic with few examples of utterances meaning something other than the sum of their parts. Previously, we have shown that male putty-nosed monkeys produce call series(More)
Evaluating the NHS Direct Online website presents some challenges and therefore a number of evaluation methods and approaches are utilized by NHS Direct. This paper presents one approach, web log analysis, to explore how users interact with the NHS Direct Online website. Focusing on one health topic, MRSA for one-day's website visits, proved informative and(More)
The study of the evolution of language raises the crucial question of what makes human language unique in comparison to the call systems observed in the animal world (Reboul 2010, 2016). Schlenker et al. (2016) argue that an important starting point may be the use of the sophisticated analytic techniques introduced in formal linguistics for the precise(More)
Immunoglobulin-containing food products and nutraceuticals such as bovine colostrum are of interest to consumers as they may provide health benefits. Commercial scale colostrum products are valued for their immunoglobulin G (IgG) content and therefore require accurate analysis. One of the most commonly used methods for determining total soluble IgG in(More)
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