Kate Anthony

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The effects of defined mutations in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the outer membrane protein OmpA of the recipient cell on mating-pair formation in liquid media by the transfer systems of the F-like plasmids pOX38 (F), ColB2 and R100-1 were investigated. Transfer of all three plasmids was affected differently by mutations in the rfa (LPS) locus of the(More)
Zinc is an essential nutrient for optimal fertility, but the effects of preconception zinc deficiency on postimplantation development are not known. Female mice were fed a control or a zinc-deficient diet (ZDD) for 4-5 days before ovulation (preconception). Embryonic and/or placental development were evaluated on Days 3.5, 6.5, 10.5, 12.5, and 16.5 of(More)
The F-pilus has been implicated in recipient cell recognition during the establishment of a stable mating pair before conjugation as well as forming part of the conjugative pore for DNA transfer. The F-pilus is the site of attachment of the filamentous phages (M13, f1 and fd), which attach to the F-pilus tip, and the RNA phages, R17 and Qbeta, which attach(More)
As we progress into the 21st century, mental health problems ranging from depression, anxiety and stress to more serious illnesses are becoming particularly pervasive. The World Health Organisation estimates that mental health problems can touch the lives of 450 million people globally including a quarter of the population of the United Kingdom (Hanif,(More)
Participation in genetic studies is often limited by a volunteer's reluctance to donate blood samples. We wished to determine if alternate, less painful, methods to venipuncture could be used to collect cells to provide DNA for genotyping, and whether the cells could be grown in culture for extraction of DNA. Volunteers in the study were comprised of two(More)
F and R100-1 are closely related, derepressed, conjugative plasmids from the IncFI and IncFII incompatibility groups, respectively. Heteroduplex mapping and genetic analyses have revealed that the transfer regions are extremely similar between the two plasmids. Plasmid specificity can occur at the level of relaxosome formation, regulation, and surface(More)
In order to develop a system which allows infection by an epitope-specific phage-antibody via an F-pilus expressing that epitope, a study on the expression of foreign sequences on F-pilin was undertaken. Initially, a plasmid library was constructed with random sequences encoding one to five amino acid residues fused to the C terminus of F-pilin (traA) which(More)
INTRODUCTION Smoking has well-recognized endocrine disrupting effects in humans that have been linked specifically to nicotine in animal models. Nicotine's perinatal effects on genital development in mice, which is interpreted as a measure of endocrine disrupting activity, were evaluated in this report. METHODS Pregnant C57B/6J dams were administered 50(More)
The mechanisms associated with follicular activation and early growth are not well understood in avian species. Level of mRNA transcripts involved in steroidogenesis (STAR, HSD3B, CYP11A1, CYP19), paracrine signaling (AMH, BMP2, BMP4, BMP6, KITL, WNT4, and PCSK6) and transcription (SMAD1, SMAD2, SMAD3, SMAD5, SMAD9, FOXL3, FOXL2, NR5A1 (SF1), and WT1) were(More)
Hole-board behaviors of adolescent C57B/6 mice that had been exposed to nicotine during gestation and suckling were evaluated on postnatal days 34-36. Rearing on all three trials significantly predicted higher nicotine intake on a two-bottle choice test administered from days 37-42. For head pokes, there was a weak trend for lower head poking in the first(More)