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We describe the safety and immunogenicity of a combined vaccine of 2 leukemia-associated antigenic peptides, PR1 and WT1. Eight patients with myeloid malignancies received one subcutaneous dose each of PR1 and WT1 vaccines in Montanide adjuvant, with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Patients were reviewed weekly for 4 weeks to monitor(More)
NK-cells undergo a "licensing" process as they develop into fully-functional cells capable of efficiently killing targets. NK-cell differentiation is accompanied by an increased surface expression of inhibitory killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) molecules, which is positively associated with cytotoxicity against the HLA-deficient K562 cell line.(More)
The majority of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase gain substantial benefit from imatinib but some fail to respond or lose their initial response. In 2006, the European LeukemiaNet published recommendations designed to help identify patients responding poorly to imatinib. Patients were evaluated at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months and some were(More)
The reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) has become widely used for monitoring minimal residual disease after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, most of these studies were performed using qualitative RT-PCR, and the interpretation of the results obtained has been conflicting. The(More)
A subset of regulatory B cells (Bregs) in mice negatively regulate T-cell immune responses through the secretion of regulatory cytokines such as IL-10 and direct cell-cell contact and have been linked to experimental models of autoimmunity, inflammation, and cancer. However, the regulatory function of Bregs in human disease is much less clear. Here we(More)
Regulatory T cells are believed to control the development and progression of autoimmunity by suppressing autoreactive T cells. Decreased numbers of CD4(+)CD25(+) FOXP3(+) T cells (Tregs) are associated with impaired immune homeostasis and development of autoimmune diseases. The transcription factors FOXP3 and NFAT1 have key roles in regulatory T-cell(More)
To determine whether the leukemia-associated Wilms tumor antigen (WT1) contributes to a graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect after allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (SCT) for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), we studied CD8(+) T-cell responses to WT1 in 10 human lymphocyte antigen (HLA)-A*0201-positive ALL patients during the early phase of immune(More)
This study was designed to determine whether ethnic neutropenia is caused by an increased proportion of neutrophils being present in the marginated granulocyte pool. Thirty two healthy volunteers, half of whom were African or Afro-Caribbean and half of whom were white, exercised vigorously for 10 minutes on a step machine to mobilise granulocytes from the(More)
PURPOSE Antigens derived from the Wilms' tumor (WT1) protein, which is overexpressed in leukemias, are attractive targets for immunotherapy. Four HLA-A*0201-restricted WT1-derived epitopes have been identified: WT37, WT126, WT187, and WT235. We determined the natural immunogenecity of these antigens in patients with hematologic malignancies and healthy(More)
Eighty patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) underwent T cell-depleted stem cell transplantation from an HLA-identical sibling, with add-back of donor T cells on days 30 to 45 and days 60 to 100 in patients in whom grade 2 or greater acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) developed. The outcomes for 54 patients with chronic-phase (CP) and 26 with(More)