Katayoon Shirneshan

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Loss of the Y-chromosome (LOY) is described as both a normal age-related event and a marker of a neoplastic clone in hematologic diseases. To assess the significance of LOY in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), we determined the percentage of LOY in clonal CD34+ peripheral blood cells in comparison to normal CD3+ T-cells of 27 MDS patients using fluorescence(More)
Insulin-like factor 6 (INSL6), a member of the insulin-like superfamily, is predominantly expressed in male germ cells. Expression of the Insl6 is first detected in mouse testis at postnatal d 15 when the first wave of spermatogenesis progresses to pachytene spermatocytes. To elucidate the role of INSL6 in germ cell development, we generated Insl6-deficient(More)
Insulin-like factor 5 (INSL5), a member of the insulin superfamily, is expressed in the colorectum and hypothalamus. To facilitate studies into the role of INSL5, we generated Insl5(-/-) mice by gene targeting. Insl5(-/-) mice were born in the expected Mendelian ratio, reached normal body weight, but displayed impaired male and female fertility that are due(More)
The primary goal of this study was to determine the 5'region of the Insl3 gene that specifically targets the expression of human insulin to Leydig cells, and to explore whether the testicular proinsulin is efficiently processed to insulin that is able to rescue the diabetes in different mouse models of diabetes. We show here that the sequence between(More)
In myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) chromosomal anomalies can be identified in 50-80% of patients. They have a diagnostic and prognostic impact and are increasingly considered for therapeutic decisions. Cytomorphology and cytogenetic analyses of bone marrow (bm) cells define the goldstandard to diagnose MDS patients and to document treatment response. We(More)
The gold standard of cytogenetic analysis in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is conventional chromosome banding (CCB) analysis of bone marrow (BM) metaphases. Most aberrations can also be detected by fluorescence-in situ-hybridization (FISH). For this prospective multicenter German diagnostic study (www.clinicaltrials.gov: #NCT01355913) 360 patients, as(More)
International Prognostic Scoring Systems are used to determine the individual risk profile of myelodysplastic syndrome patients. For the assessment of International Prognostic Scoring Systems, an adequate chromosome banding analysis of the bone marrow is essential. Cytogenetic information is not available for a substantial number of patients (5%-20%) with(More)
We discuss relevant aspects in two siblings with a neurodegenerative process of unclear aetiology who developed progressive dementia with global aphasia and hyperoral behaviour at the ages of 39 and 46 years and who died 6 and 5 years after disease onset. The cases were reported to the National Reference Center for TSE Surveillance in Göttingen, Germany.(More)
Recently, several groups described the isolation of mouse spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) and their potential to develop to embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like cells, so-called multipotent germline stem cells (mGSCs). We were the first to derive such mGSCs from SSCs isolated from adult mouse testis and, therefore, called these mGSCs multipotent adult germline(More)
OBJECTIVES We report two siblings with Roberts syndrome (RBS), and an attempt to delineate the underlying molecular mechanism leading to familial recurrence. METHODS Cytogenetic studies and direct sequencing of the ESCO2 gene were carried out in the second affected fetus and the parents. Fetal DNA was obtained from amniocytes after amniocentesis. Parental(More)