Katarzyna Ziemnicka

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BACKGROUND Differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) originates from thyroid follicular epithelial cells and belongs to a group of slowly progressing tumors with a relatively good prognosis. However, recurrences and metastases are a serious problem in advanced stages. Furthermore, progression from a well differentiated thyroid carcinoma to an aggressive(More)
Neuroendocrine tumours may be associated with familial syndromes. At least eight inherited syndromes predisposing to endocrine neoplasia have been identified. Two of these are considered to be major factors predisposing to benign and malignant endocrine tumours, designated multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and type 2 (MEN1 and MEN2). Five other autosomal(More)
The mutations of the RET proto-oncogene contributes to the development of MTC by increasing the activity of the receptor encoded by this gene. Variant T of polymorphism rs2435357 located in the enhancer of the RET gene reduces the enhancer's activity. The opposite effects of rs2435357 and the mutations causing medullary thyroid carcinoma resulted in the(More)
Gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) endocrine tumours (carcinoids and pancreatic islet cell tumours) are composed of multipotent neuroendocrine cells that exhibit a unique ability to produce, store, and secrete biologically active substances and cause distinct clinical syndromes. The classification of GEP tumours as functioning or non-functioning is based on the(More)
INTRODUCTION Untreated congenital hypopituitarism in adult patient is - nowadays - a very rare observation. CASE A 52 years old female patient, was referred to the Department of Psychiatry for psychotic symptoms, manifested as auditory pseudohallucinations with delusional interpretation, significant psychomotor agitation, anosognosia, attempts of symptom(More)
Transsexuals have to face multiple medical, social and bureaucratic problems. These problems are not only encountered before the transformation, but also during and after medical procedures. In the search for improvement of transsexual individuals' quality of life during therapy, it seems desirable to supplement hormonal treatments with psychological(More)
A Committee of the American Thyroid Association (ATA) recently completed an up to date revision of Guidelines for the Management of Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer [1]. The publication is voluminous with some 100 different recommendations, each of which is supported by summaries of the evidence available in the literature. This lecture(More)
Chromogranin A, despite a number of limitations, is still the most valuable marker of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Granins belong to the family of acidic proteins that constitute a major component of secretory granules of various endocrine and neuroendocrine cells, which are components of both the classical endocrine glands and the diffuse neuroendocrine(More)
The present study reports the case of a 71-year-old female patient diagnosed with endometrial adenocarcinoma, which was confirmed by histopathology. In the course of performing an elective hysterectomy with adnexa removal, a solid tumor located in Meckel's diverticulum (MD) was identified and excised. Due to the unique nature of the lesion, the tumor tissue(More)
The role of genetic background in childhood-onset combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) has been extensively studied. The major contributors are the PROP1, POU1F1, LHX3, LHX4 and HESX1 genes coding transcription factors implicated in pituitary organogenesis. The clinical consequences of mutations encompass impaired synthesis of a growth hormone (GH)(More)