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Chitosan-one of the natural multifunctional polymers-due to its unique and versatile biological properties is regarded as a useful compound in medical and pharmaceutical technology. Recently, considerable research effort has been made in order to develop safe and efficient chitosan products. However, the problem of poor stability of chitosan-based systems(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the cytotoxicity, antiproliferative activity, and apoptosis induction activity of two modified glycosides – digoxin and proscillaridin A – conjugated to a generation 3 polyamidoamine dendrimer (G3 PAMAM-NH) in human breast cancer cells. The results suggest that conjugation with the G3 PAMAM-NH dendrimer enhances(More)
We evaluated the cytotoxicity and underlying mechanisms of cardiac glycosides, including digoxin, ouabain and proscillaridin A, on the proliferation of breast cancer MCF-7 cells. In terms of inhibition of cell proliferation of MCF-7 cells, the compounds rank in the order proscillaridin A>digoxin>ouabain. While both digoxin and ouabain inhibited(More)
Piracetam (2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine-acetamide), the most common of the nootropic drugs, is a cyclic derivative of gamma-aminobutyric acid. The treatment with piracetam improves learning, memory, brain metabolism, and capacity. Piracetam has been shown to alter the physical properties of the plasma membrane by increasing its fluidity and by protecting the cell(More)
The well known and accepted mode of action of cardiac glycosides is inhibition of the ubiquitous plasma membrane Na+, K+-ATPase that leads to increased intracellular Ca2+ ion concentrations. Ca2+ ions play pivotal role in many signaling pathways including those regulating apoptosis. It has been suggested that some forms of cardiac glycosides inhibit(More)
A novel amidine analogue of melphalan (AB4) was compared to its parent drug, melphalan in respect to cytotoxicity, DNA and collagen biosynthesis in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. It was found that AB4 was more active inhibitor of DNA and collagen synthesis as well more cytotoxic agent than melphalan. The topoisomerase I/II inhibition assay(More)
The present study systematically evaluates the in-vitro effect of tirofiban, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (integrins alphaIIbbetaIII) antagonist, on porcine blood platelets. It was found that tirofiban at concentrations up to 5,000 ng/ml did not affect the calcium signal produced by thrombin. Tirofiban, in a concentration-dependent manner reduced platelet(More)
In this study, we looked at the effect of ouabain, digoxin and proscillaridin A on human fibroblasts. These data show that low concentrations of ouabain, digoxin and proscillaridin A can activate proliferation of human fibroblasts, suggesting that the Na+, K+-adenosine triphosphatase complex may act as a transducing receptor. It was shown that 30 nM(More)
In this paper, the stability of enalapril maleate in oral formulations prepared from commercially available tablets was investigated. Extemporaneously compounded, 0.1 mg/mL and 1.0 mg/mL, oral suspensions of enalapril maleate in sugar-containing and sugar-free vehicles were stored in the absence of light at 4 degrees and 25 degrees C for 30 days. Enalapril(More)
Topical administration of clotrimazole represents the common use therapy in the antimycotic genitourinary tract treatment. Due to the fast self-cleaning action of the vagina, commercially available vaginal dosage forms with clotrimazole cannot assure prolonged contact time with mucosa, therefore the main objective of this study was to develop a dosage form(More)