Katarzyna Lukasiuk

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Prevention of epileptogenesis after brain trauma is an unmet medical challenge. Recent molecular profiling studies have provided an insight into molecular changes that contribute to formation of ictogenic neuronal networks, including genes regulating synaptic or neuronal plasticity, cell death, proliferation, and inflammatory or immune responses. These(More)
Epileptogenesis refers to a process in which an initial brain-damaging insult triggers a cascade of molecular and cellular changes that eventually lead to the occurrence of spontaneous seizures. Cellular alterations include neurodegeneration, neurogenesis, axonal sprouting, axonal injury, dendritic remodeling, gliosis, invasion of inflammatory cells,(More)
Status epilepticus (StE) in immature rats causes long-term functional impairment. Whether this is associated with structural alterations remains controversial. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that StE at an early age results in neuronal loss. StE was induced with lithium-pilocarpine in 12-d-old rats, and the presence of neuronal damage(More)
Reduced hippocampal GABAergic inhibition is acknowledged to be associated with epilepsy. However, there are no studies that had quantitatively compared the loss of various interneuron populations in different models of epilepsy. We tested a hypothesis that the more severe the loss of hippocampal interneurons, the more severe was the epilepsy.(More)
The present study was designed to elucidate the distribution, time-course and mechanism(s) of status epilepticus-induced neuronal damage in the rat amygdaloid complex. Status epilepticus was induced with kainate (9 mg/kg, i.p.), and the behavioral and electrographic seizure activity of each rat was monitored via cortical electrodes attached to a continuous(More)
The present study was designed to address the question of whether recurrent spontaneous seizures cause progressive neuronal damage in the brain. Epileptogenesis was triggered by status epilepticus (SE) induced by electrically stimulating the amygdala in rat. Spontaneous seizures were continuously monitored by video-EEG for up to 6 months. The progression of(More)
Prevention of epileptogenesis after brain insults, such as status epilepticus (SE), head trauma, or stroke, remains a challenge. Even if epilepsy cannot be prevented, it would be beneficial if the pathologic process could be modified to result in a less severe disease. We examined whether early discontinuation of SE reduces the risk of epilepsy or results(More)
DNA microarrays are now popular tools for large-scale studies of gene expression in the brain in both physiologic and pathologic conditions. Here, we review the few available papers describing the use of microarrays in experiments relevant to temporal lobe epilepsy. Review of the data indicates that products of genes regulated during epileptic processes(More)
The contribution of mossy fiber sprouting to the generation of spontaneous seizures in the epileptic brain is under dispute. The present study addressed this question by examining whether sprouting of mossy fibers is present at the time of appearance of the first spontaneous seizures in rats, and whether all animals with increased sprouting have spontaneous(More)
PURPOSE If the sprouting of granule cell axons or mossy fibers in the dentate gyrus is critical for the generation of spontaneous seizures in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), one could hypothesize that epileptic animals or humans with increased sprouting would have more frequent seizures. This hypothesis was tested by analyzing the data gathered from(More)