The introduction of sulfa drugs for the chemotherapy of bacterial infections in 1935 revolutionized medicine. Although their mechanism of action is understood, the molecular bases for most of their side effects remain obscure. Here, we report that sulfamethoxazole and other sulfa drugs interfere with tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis through inhibition of… (More)
Although eosinophilic pleural effusion (EPE) has been a subject of numerous studies, its clinical significance still remains unclear. The aim of our study was to evaluate: 1) the relative incidence and aetiology of EPE; 2) the predictors of malignancy in patients with EPE; and 3) the relationship between repeated thoracentesis and pleural fluid… (More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic value of four different tumor markers: cancer antigen 125 (CA-125), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA 21-1) and neuron specific enolase (NSE) in patients with malignant and non-malignant pleural effusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS One hundred and two patients with pleural effusion treated… (More)
UNLABELLED Despite a number of important differences in the pathogenesis, course and prognosis of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), these two entities also have common features with airway inflammation being one of them. Airway remodeling is a characteristic feature of asthma, but data on the bronchial wall thickening in COPD patients… (More)
Human genetic studies have revealed an association between GTP cyclohydrolase 1 polymorphisms, which decrease tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) levels, and reduced pain in patients. We now show that excessive BH4 is produced in mice by both axotomized sensory neurons and macrophages infiltrating damaged nerves and inflamed tissue. Constitutive BH4 overproduction in… (More)
The method of hurdle runs' teaching and the results of special field tests and laboratory tests Humans commonly experience perturbations applied to their body resulting in the displacement of the body's center of mass (COM) closer to or beyond the boundaries of the base of support, thus compromising balance. The central nervous system (CNS) uses two main… (More)
Nucleic acid templated reactions have attracted significant attention for nucleic acid sensing. Herein we report a general design which extends the potential of nucleic acid templated reactions to unleash the function of a broad diversity of small molecules such as a transcription factor agonist, a cytotoxic or a fluorophore.
BACKGROUND Airway remodeling in asthma and COPD results in bronchial wall thickening. The thickness of the bronchial wall can be measured in high-resolution computed tomography. The objectives of the study were to assess the bronchial lumen and wall dimensions in asthma and COPD patients, in relation to disease severity, and to compare the airway dimensions… (More)