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The introduction of sulfa drugs for the chemotherapy of bacterial infections in 1935 revolutionized medicine. Although their mechanism of action is understood, the molecular bases for most of their side effects remain obscure. Here, we report that sulfamethoxazole and other sulfa drugs interfere with tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis through inhibition of(More)
Eosinophilic airway inflammation is regarded as a typical feature of asthma, while in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) neutrophils seem predominant inflammatory airway cells. The aim of the present study was to compare the cellular components of airway inflammation in patients with newly diagnosed mild or moderate COPD and asthma. Seventeen(More)
Although the clinical pictures of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be similar, the pathogenesis differs in many aspects. The aim of the present study was to compare the cellular and biochemical features of airway inflammation in patients with asthma and COPD. The study was conducted in 22 patients with asthma (M/F 12/10, mean age(More)
Airway remodeling in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) results in thickening of bronchial walls and may affect lung function. In the present study we set out to evaluate the relationship between small airway wall thickness and the lung function parameters in patients with asthma and COPD. The study was performed in 10 patients with(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Understanding the chronic inflammatory process that affects the airways of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important clue in the search for new therapeutic options. The main inflammatory cells and mediators involved in COPD pathogenesis have been identified, but there is still little knowledge about their(More)
INTRODUCTION Periostin is considered to be a marker of eosinophilic inflammation in patients with asthma. However, there are no literature data on periostin in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to evaluate periostin expression and to compare its concentrations in various materials in patients(More)
Human genetic studies have revealed an association between GTP cyclohydrolase 1 polymorphisms, which decrease tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) levels, and reduced pain in patients. We now show that excessive BH4 is produced in mice by both axotomized sensory neurons and macrophages infiltrating damaged nerves and inflamed tissue. Constitutive BH4 overproduction in(More)
Although eosinophilic pleural effusion (EPE) has been a subject of numerous studies, its clinical significance still remains unclear. The aim of our study was to evaluate: 1) the relative incidence and aetiology of EPE; 2) the predictors of malignancy in patients with EPE; and 3) the relationship between repeated thoracentesis and pleural fluid(More)
Transcutaneous measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide pressure (PtcO2 and PtcCO2) is useful in gas exchange monitoring. However, the relationship between PtcO2, pulse oximetry (SaO2) and arterial blood gases (ABG) is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare PtcO2 and PtcCO2 with SaO2 and ABG, to evaluate the effect of sensor location on the(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on the function of the lower airways are poorly understood. One of the methods used to determine the influence of positive pressure breathing on lower airways is the bronchial hyperreactivity test. Some authors report that CPAP increases bronchial hyperreactivity, while others(More)