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We reported previously that internalization of Staphylococcus aureus by nonprofessional phagocytes involves an interaction between fibronectin (Fn) binding protein (FnBP) and the host cell, resulting in signal transduction, tyrosine kinase activity, and cytoskeletal rearrangement (K. Dziewanowska, J. M. Patti, C. F. Deobald, K. W. Bayles, W. R. Trumble, and(More)
The beta-toxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus intermedius were purified to homogeneity from culture supernatants. Although the toxin from S. aureus has been throughly studied, less is known about its unique counterpart from S. intermedius. This is the first reported purification and analysis of the S. intermedius beta-toxin. Both(More)
Expression of plant acyl carrier protein (ACP) in Escherichia coli at levels above that of constitutive E. coli ACP does not appear to substantially alter bacterial growth or fatty acid metabolism. The plant ACP expressed in E. coli contains pantetheine and approximately 50% is present in vivo as acyl-ACP. We have purified and characterized the recombinant(More)
Staphylococcus aureus invades a variety of mammalian cells and escapes from the endosome to multiply in the cytoplasm. We had previously hypothesized that the molecular events leading to escape of S. aureus from the endosome involved the Agr virulence factor regulatory system. In this report we demonstrate that temporal changes in intracellular activation(More)
Myxococcus xanthus can vary its phenotype or 'phase' to produce colonies that contain predominantly yellow or tan cells that differ greatly in their abilities to swarm, survive and develop. Yellow variants are proficient at swarming (++) and tend to lyse in liquid during stationary phase. In contrast, tan variants are deficient in swarming (+) and persist(More)
An enzyme extract from apple(Pyrus malus Borb.) seeds which causes the disappearance of free indol-3-ylacetic acid (IAA) requires the presence of oxygen, but is not inhibited by cyanide. Using 1-14C-IAA it has been demonstrated that the IAA transformation is not accompanied by its decarboxylation. Decarboxylating IAA oxidase is absent during the whole(More)
Staphylococcus aureus expresses several surface proteins that promote adherence to host cell extracellular matrix proteins, including fibronectin (Fn). Since this organism has recently been shown to be internalized by nonprofessional phagocytes, a process that typically requires high-affinity binding to host cell receptors, we investigated the role of its(More)
A synthetic gene encoding spinach acyl carrier protein I (ACP-I) was fused to a gene encoding the Fc-binding portion of staphylococcal protein A. This gene fusion, under the control of the λPR promoter, was expressed at high levels in Escherichia coli producing a 42 kDa fusion protein. This fusion protein was phosphopantethenylated in E. coli. In vitro the(More)
MglA, a 22-kDa protein related to monomeric GTPases, is required for the normal operation of the A (Adventurous) and S (Social) motility and for multicellular development of Myxococcus xanthus. To determine how MglA controls A- and S-motility, MglA was assayed biochemically and its cellular location was determined. His-tagged MglA hydrolyzed GTP slowly in(More)
Myxococcus xanthus undergoes phase variation during growth to produce predominantly two colony phenotypes. The majority are yellow colonies containing swarm-proficient cells and a minority are tan colonies containing swarm-deficient cells. Comparison of the transcriptomes of a yellow variant, a tan variant, and three tan mutants led to the identification of(More)