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A beta-galactoside-specific lectin from proprietary mistletoe extract, recently reported to exhibit immunomodulatory potency in vivo (T. Hajto, K. Hostanska, and H J. Gabius, Cancer Res. 49: 4803-4808, 1989), induced increased secretion of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 1, and interleukin 6 in cultures of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.(More)
The plant lectin Viscum album agglutinin-I (VAA-I) was recently found to modulate protein synthesis and to induce apoptosis in various cells of immune origin. We found that VAA-I induces de novo protein synthesis of metabolically 35S-labeled human neutrophils when used at low concentrations (< 100 ng/mL) but acts as an inhibitor at higher concentrations.(More)
Hyperforin (HP) is an abundant component of St John's wort with antibiotic and antidepressive activity. We report here the ability of HP and that of polyphenolic procyanidin B2 (PB-2) to inhibit the growth of leukemia K562 and U937 cells, brain glioblastoma cells LN229 and normal human astrocytes. HP inhibited the growth of cells in vitro with GI(50) values(More)
A plant lectin, Viscum album agglutinin-I (VAA-I) has been shown to increase the number and cytotoxic activity of natural killer (NK) cells in animal models, but the mechanisms underlying these effects are poorly understood. We investigated the effects of the recombinant form of this lectin (rVAA) on secretion of interleukin (IL)-12 and on NK-mediated(More)
Hormone replacement therapy is contraindicated in women with breast cancer. Extracts from the rhizomes of Cimicifuga racemosa, have gained acceptance as a natural alternative for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. In the present study we investigated the antiproliferative activity of C. racemosa extracts (isopropanolic and ethanolic) on the estrogen(More)
We previously reported that the antiproliferative effect of an isopropanolic-aqueous extract of black cohosh (iCR) on MCF-7 estrogen-responsive breast cancer cell line was due to the induction of apoptosis. Here we address the question to what extent apoptosis induction can be ascribed to one of the two major fractions of iCR, the triterpene glycosides(More)
Viscum album agglutinin-I (VAA-I) is a plant lectin that possesses interesting potential therapeutic properties and immunomodulatory activities. We have recently found that VAA-I is a potent inducer of human neutrophil apoptosis, but the mechanism(s) involved require further elucidation. In this study, we found that VAA-I alters mitochondrial transmembrane(More)
BACKGROUND The isopropanolic extract of black cohosh (iCR)b has recently been reported to exert antiproliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects on estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7, as well as estrogen receptor-negative MDA-MB 231 human breast cancer cells. To broaden observations, the anti-invasive effects of iCR and its two major fractions triterpene(More)
BACKGROUND Drugs of plant origin such as Arnica montana, Calendula officinalis or Hypericum perforatum have been frequently used to promote wound healing. While their effect on wound healing using preparations at pharmacological concentrations was supported by several in vitro and clinical studies, investigations of herbal homeopathic remedies on wound(More)
Proprietary extract of mistletoe (Iscador) that has federal approval for clinical application can exhibit immunomodulatory capacity. However, the nature of this responsible substance has still remained elusive. To validate the hypothesis that specific lectin-carbohydrate interactions at least participate in eliciting immunomodulation, the modulatory(More)