Katarina Hostanska

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A beta-galactoside-specific lectin from proprietary mistletoe extract, recently reported to exhibit immunomodulatory potency in vivo (T. Hajto, K. Hostanska, and H J. Gabius, Cancer Res. 49: 4803-4808, 1989), induced increased secretion of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 1, and interleukin 6 in cultures of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.(More)
Proprietary extract of mistletoe (Iscador) that has federal approval for clinical application can exhibit immunomodulatory capacity. However, the nature of this responsible substance has still remained elusive. To validate the hypothesis that specific lectin-carbohydrate interactions at least participate in eliciting immunomodulation, the modulatory(More)
The plant lectin Viscum album agglutinin-I (VAA-I) was recently found to modulate protein synthesis and to induce apoptosis in various cells of immune origin. We found that VAA-I induces de novo protein synthesis of metabolically 35S-labeled human neutrophils when used at low concentrations (< 100 ng/mL) but acts as an inhibitor at higher concentrations.(More)
We investigated alteration in DNA repair during therapy with an immunomodulator. 14 patients with advanced breast cancer were treated parenterally with Iscador, an extract of Viscum album (mistletoe). As a parameter for measurement of DNA repair the incorporation of (3H) thymidine into DNA of unstimulated lymphocytes after ultra violet light (UV) damage was(More)
Hyperforin (HP) is an abundant component of St John's wort with antibiotic and antidepressive activity. We report here the ability of HP and that of polyphenolic procyanidin B2 (PB-2) to inhibit the growth of leukemia K562 and U937 cells, brain glioblastoma cells LN229 and normal human astrocytes. HP inhibited the growth of cells in vitro with GI(50) values(More)
A plant lectin from Viscum album (ML-I) has been shown to increase the number and cytotoxic activity of natural killer cells and to induce antitumor activity in animal models. However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of ML-I on natural host defenses are unknown. After 24 h incubation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in the presence of 10 and 1(More)
In this study we compared, simultaneously, the growth-inhibitory effect of Hypericum perforatum L. extracts, containing various amounts of hyperforin (A 3.25%; B 2.21%; C 0.21% w/w) and flavonoids (A and B 5.3%; C 10% w/w), but closely same amounts of naphthodiantrones (0.3%) on two leukaemic cell lines K562 and U937 in the WST-1 assay. The GI50(More)
BACKGROUND Phytotherapy is a third approach for treating lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The lipido-sterolic extract of the fruit of Serenoa repens is one of the more widely used phytotherapeutic agents in this regard. MATERIALS AND METHODS The effect of an ethanolic extract of S. repens (10-1000 microg/ml)(More)
Hormone replacement therapy is contraindicated in women with breast cancer. Extracts from the rhizomes of Cimicifuga racemosa, have gained acceptance as a natural alternative for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. In the present study we investigated the antiproliferative activity of C. racemosa extracts (isopropanolic and ethanolic) on the estrogen(More)
Background: Mistletoe is often used as a complementary approach in oncology. Despite experimental anti-tumour effects and several reviews there remains controversy about its clinical role. Patients and Methods: Potentially relevant trials were identified to perform a systematic review (databases: e.g. EMBASE, MEDLINE; hand search: e.g. bibliographies;(More)