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Persistent presence of PMN in airways is the hallmark of CF. Our aim was to assess PMN adherence, percentage of apoptotic airway PMN (aPMN), and IL-6 and IL-8 production when aPMN are in contact with airway epithelial cells. Before coculture, freshly isolated CF aPMN have greater spontaneous and TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis compared with blood PMN from the(More)
The dominant role of inflammation in airways disease progression in cystic fibrosis (CF) is now well established and, based on recent findings, the possibility of an inappropriate inflammatory response in the lung of patients with CF has emerged. In order to characterize this response, the aim of the present work was to evaluate the levels of a number of(More)
The ability of alveolar macrophages (AM) to release O2 metabolites was studied in 8 children with interstitial lung disease (ILD), and in 11 children without lung parenchyma disorder. AM were collected by bronchoalveolar lavage. The experiments were performed on unstimulated AM and on AM stimulated by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) or zymosan. Our results(More)
BACKGROUND The variability in the inflammatory burden of the lung in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients together with the variable effect of glucocorticoid treatment led us to hypothesize that glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene polymorphisms may affect glucocorticoid sensitivity in CF and, consequently, may contribute to variations in the inflammatory response.(More)
Transcription nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is hyperactivated in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung epithelial cells, and participates in exaggerated IL-8 production in the CF lung. We recently found that rapid activation of NF-kappaB occurred in a CF lung epithelial IB3-1 cell line (CF cells) upon IL-1beta stimulation, which was not observed in its(More)
In the development of lung damage induced by oxidative stress, it has been proposed that changes in alveolar macrophages (AM) function with modifications in cytokine production may contribute to altered repair processes. To characterize the changes in profiles of cytokine production by macrophages exposed to oxidants, the effects of hyperoxia (95% O2) on(More)
Inflammation plays a critical role in lung disease progression in cystic fibrosis (CF). This inflammatory process is dominated by a neutrophil influx in the airways. To determine whether the accumulation of neutrophils in the airways of CF patients is associated with an altered function, we analyzed the capacity of neutrophils isolated from the lung(More)
Oxygen (O(2)) species are involved in a large variety of pulmonary diseases. Among the various cell types that compose the lung, the epithelial cells of the alveolar structure appear to be a major target for oxidant injury. Despite their importance in the repair processes, the mechanisms which regulate the replication of the stem cells of the alveolar(More)
The clinical course of cystic fibrosis (CF) varies considerably among patients carrying the same CF-causing gene mutation. Additional genetic modifiers may contribute to this variability. As airway inflammation is a key component of CF pathophysiology, we investigated whether major cytokine variants represent such modifiers in young CF patients. We tested(More)
Liver disease in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is inconstant and has not yet been clearly related to any specific risk factor. While the expression of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is restricted to the biliary epithelium in the liver, recent findings indicate that CFTR modulates reduced glutathione (GSH) transport and that(More)