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The dominant role of inflammation in airways disease progression in cystic fibrosis (CF) is now well established and, based on recent findings, the possibility of an inappropriate inflammatory response in the lung of patients with CF has emerged. In order to characterize this response, the aim of the present work was to evaluate the levels of a number of(More)
The predominant inflammatory cell type within the alveolar structure in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the alveolar macrophage (AM). AM ability to release hydrogen peroxide, a way to evaluate the cell status, was studied in nine infants who developed clinical and radiological evidence of BPD, and was compared to those from infants without lung(More)
Persistent presence of PMN in airways is the hallmark of CF. Our aim was to assess PMN adherence, percentage of apoptotic airway PMN (aPMN), and IL-6 and IL-8 production when aPMN are in contact with airway epithelial cells. Before coculture, freshly isolated CF aPMN have greater spontaneous and TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis compared with blood PMN from the(More)
Progression of pulmonary sarcoidosis in children remains poorly documented. The aim of this work was to gather follow-up information on pulmonary outcomes in children with sarcoidosis and to obtain data of relevance to a discussion of the optimal length and regimen of glucocorticoid therapy. In the present study, the authors experience of pulmonary(More)
Inflammation plays a critical role in lung disease progression in cystic fibrosis (CF). This inflammatory process is dominated by a neutrophil influx in the airways. To determine whether the accumulation of neutrophils in the airways of CF patients is associated with an altered function, we analyzed the capacity of neutrophils isolated from the lung(More)
The ability of alveolar macrophages (AM) to release O2 metabolites was studied in 8 children with interstitial lung disease (ILD), and in 11 children without lung parenchyma disorder. AM were collected by bronchoalveolar lavage. The experiments were performed on unstimulated AM and on AM stimulated by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) or zymosan. Our results(More)
In the development of lung damage induced by oxidative stress, it has been proposed that changes in alveolar macrophages (AM) function with modifications in cytokine production may contribute to altered repair processes. To characterize the changes in profiles of cytokine production by macrophages exposed to oxidants, the effects of hyperoxia (95% O2) on(More)
Transcription nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is hyperactivated in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung epithelial cells, and participates in exaggerated IL-8 production in the CF lung. We recently found that rapid activation of NF-kappaB occurred in a CF lung epithelial IB3-1 cell line (CF cells) upon IL-1beta stimulation, which was not observed in its(More)
Liver disease in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is inconstant and has not yet been clearly related to any specific risk factor. While the expression of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is restricted to the biliary epithelium in the liver, recent findings indicate that CFTR modulates reduced glutathione (GSH) transport and that(More)
Recent evidence suggests that genetic polymorphisms that affect the production of interleukin (IL)-10 may play a role in the response to pathogens in cystic fibrosis (CF). The present study was designed to investigate a possible association between alleles carried at position -1082 in the promoter region of the IL-10 gene and clinical data on 378 patients(More)