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Burnout is a serious occupational hazard. This study investigated the possibility to develop an effective salutogenic group intervention among employees suffering from severe burnout symptoms. Participants consisted of employees aged 31 to 59 years working in different public service occupations, such as police officers, tax officers, (and other public(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine fear of childbirth according to parity, gestational age, and obstetric history. DESIGN A questionnaire study. POPULATION AND SETTING 1400 unselected pregnant women in outpatient maternity clinics of a university central hospital. METHODS Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether women with fear of childbirth have more mental health problems than women of childbearing age in general. DESIGN Register-based retrospective study. SETTING The maternity clinic of Helsinki University Central Hospital. POPULATION In all, 2405 women referred for consultation because of fear of childbirth during(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the numbers of vaginal deliveries and delivery satisfaction among women with fear of childbirth randomised to either psychoeducation or conventional surveillance during pregnancy. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING Maternity unit of Helsinki University Central Hospital. POPULATION Fear of childbirth was screened during(More)
BACKGROUND To examine the extent to which personality characteristics, depression, fear and anxiety about pregnancy and delivery, and socio-economic background, predict disappointment with delivery and the risk of puerperal depression. METHODS Two hundred and eleven women filled in questionnaires measuring personality traits, socio-economic factors, and(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies on the treatment of women with fear of childbirth have focused on the delivery mode. Women with fear of childbirth often suffer from anxiety and/or depression, and treatment therefore also needs to target postnatal psychological well-being and the early mother-infant relationship. METHODS Three hundred and seventy-one(More)
The transition from general education (e.g., high school) to vocational and tertiary education (e.g., college, vocational school) or to the labor market presents a number of developmental challenges. These challenges include making career choices and, more broadly, managing the transition. Coping with these challenges depends on the individual, their social(More)
This study investigated friend influence over adolescent schoolwork engagement in 160 same-sex friend dyads (94 female dyads and 66 male dyads). Participants were approximately 16 years of age at the outset. Each friend described his or her own schoolwork engagement, school burnout, and perceptions of maternal affection. The results revealed that maternal(More)
OBJECTIVE Fear of childbirth is a common reason for seeking cesarean section. It is important to consider outcomes and costs associated with alternative treatment and delivery mode. We compared well-being and costs of group psychoeducation and conventional care for fear of childbirth. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. POPULATION A total of 371(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare intensive and conventional therapy for severe fear of childbirth. METHODS In Finland, 176 women who had fear of childbirth were randomly assigned at the 26th gestational week to have either intensive therapy (mean 3.8 +/- 1.0 sessions with obstetrician and one with midwife) or conventional therapy (mean 2.0 +/- 0.6 sessions), with(More)