Katariina Salmela-Aro

Learn More
This paper examined the relative influence of selection and socialization on alcohol and tobacco use in adolescent peer networks and peer groups. The sample included 1419 Finnish secondary education students (690 males and 729 females, mean age 16 years at the outset) from nine schools. Participants identified three school friends and described their(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the numbers of vaginal deliveries and delivery satisfaction among women with fear of childbirth randomised to either psychoeducation or conventional surveillance during pregnancy. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING Maternity unit of Helsinki University Central Hospital. POPULATION Fear of childbirth was screened during(More)
BACKGROUND To examine the extent to which personality characteristics, depression, fear and anxiety about pregnancy and delivery, and socio-economic background, predict disappointment with delivery and the risk of puerperal depression. METHODS Two hundred and eleven women filled in questionnaires measuring personality traits, socio-economic factors, and(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the personal characteristics and socio-economic background of women and their partners fearing vaginal childbirth. DESIGN Questionnaire survey by the 30th week of pregnancy. SETTING Sixteen outpatient maternity centres in the capital area of Finland. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred and seventy-eight women and their partners. MAIN(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine fear of childbirth according to parity, gestational age, and obstetric history. DESIGN A questionnaire study. POPULATION AND SETTING 1400 unselected pregnant women in outpatient maternity clinics of a university central hospital. METHODS Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare intensive and conventional therapy for severe fear of childbirth. METHODS In Finland, 176 women who had fear of childbirth were randomly assigned at the 26th gestational week to have either intensive therapy (mean 3.8 +/- 1.0 sessions with obstetrician and one with midwife) or conventional therapy (mean 2.0 +/- 0.6 sessions), with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether women with fear of childbirth have more mental health problems than women of childbearing age in general. DESIGN Register-based retrospective study. SETTING The maternity clinic of Helsinki University Central Hospital. POPULATION In all, 2405 women referred for consultation because of fear of childbirth during(More)
PURPOSE This study examined the role of two different types of peer socialization (convergence, contagion) in adolescents' depression, adjusting for the effects of peer selection and deselection. METHODS The sample used in this study comprised 949 Finnish adolescents (56% females; mean age: 16 years at the outset) attending classrooms in eight secondary(More)
Burnout is a serious occupational hazard. This study investigated the possibility to develop an effective salutogenic group intervention among employees suffering from severe burnout symptoms. Participants consisted of employees aged 31 to 59 years working in different public service occupations, such as police officers, tax officers, (and other public(More)
The main purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which middle and late adolescents' depressive symptoms predict their later school burnout and, in turn, the extent to which school burnout predicts depressive symptoms. Drawing on data gathered at ages 15-19 in two-three-wave longitudinal studies, we investigated cross-lagged paths between school(More)