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OBJECTIVE High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is a heterogeneous lipoprotein class and there is no consensus on the value of HDL subspecies in coronary heart disease (CHD) risk assessment. We tested the hypothesis whether specific HDL subpopulations are significantly associated with CHD-prevalence. METHODS AND RESULTS ApoA-I concentrations (mg/dL) in HDL(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the effects of simvastatin-niacin and antioxidant vitamins on changes in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subpopulations and alterations in coronary artery stenosis, as assessed by angiography. METHODS AND RESULTS Lipids, lipoproteins, and HDL particles were measured on and off treatment in 123 subjects of the HDL-Atherosclerosis(More)
OBJECTIVE Extended-release niacin effectively lowers plasma TG levels and raises plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels, but the mechanisms responsible for these effects are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the effects of extended-release niacin (2 g/d) and extended-release niacin (2 g/d) plus lovastatin (40 mg/d), relative to(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis whether determination of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subpopulations provides more power to predict recurrent cardiovascular disease (CVD) events (nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease death, and stroke) than traditional risk factors in the Veterans Affairs HDL Intervention Trial (VA-HIT). METHODS AND(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that concentrations of LpA-I and/or LpA-I:A-II HDL subclasses are significantly associated with CHD prevalence and recurrent cardiovascular events. METHODS LpA-I levels were determined by differential electroimmunoassay in male participants with (n = 169) and without CHD (n = 850) from the Framingham Offspring Study(More)
High density lipoproteins (HDLs) and their subspecies play a role in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD). HDL subpopulations were measured by 2-dimensional nondenaturing gel electrophoresis in 79 male control subjects and 76 male CHD patients to test the hypothesis that greater differences in apolipoprotein (apo)A-I-containing HDL subpopulations(More)
We compared the effects of five different statins (atorvastatin, simvastatin, pravastatin, lovastatin, and fluvastatin) on the lipid, lipoprotein, and apolipoprotein (apo) A-I-containing high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subpopulation profiles of 86 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. Patients with established CHD, and low density lipoprotein (LDL)(More)
Our objective was to evaluate the associations of individual apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)-containing HDL subpopulation levels with ABCA1- and scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI)-mediated cellular cholesterol efflux. HDL subpopulations were measured by nondenaturing two-dimensional gel electrophoresis from 105 male subjects selected with various levels(More)
Nine hypercholesterolemic and hypertriglyceridemic subjects were enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study to test the effect of atorvastatin 20 mg/day and 80 mg/day on the kinetics of apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) in triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL), intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL), and LDL, of apoB-48 in TRL,(More)
To better understand the role of LCAT in HDL metabolism, we compared HDL subpopulations in subjects with homozygous (n = 11) and heterozygous (n = 11) LCAT deficiency with controls (n = 22). Distribution and concentrations of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)-, apoA-II-, apoA-IV-, apoC-I-, apoC-III-, and apoE-containing HDL subpopulations were assessed. Compared(More)