Katalin Solymosi

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Chloroplast development is usually regarded as proceeding from proplastids. However, direct or indirect conversion pathways have been described in the literature, the latter involving the etioplast or the etio-chloroplast stages. Etioplasts are characterized by the absence of chlorophylls (Chl-s) and the presence of a unique inner membrane network, the(More)
The molecular background of Hg (2+)-induced inhibition of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) photoreduction was investigated in homogenates of dark-grown wheat leaves. Our earlier work showed that 15 min incubation with 10 (-2) M Hg (2+) completely inhibits the activity of NADPH : Pchlide oxidoreductase ( ). Detailed analysis of spectra recorded at 10 K(More)
We studied the periodicity of the multilamellar membrane system of granal chloroplasts in different isolated plant thylakoid membranes, using different suspension media, as well as on different detached leaves and isolated protoplasts-using small-angle neutron scattering. Freshly isolated thylakoid membranes suspended in isotonic or hypertonic media,(More)
High salinity causes ion imbalance and osmotic stress in plants. Leaf sections from 8-d-old dark-grown wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Giza 168) were exposed to high salt stress (600 mM) and the native arrangements of plastid pigments together with the ultrastructure of the plastids were studied using low-temperature fluorescence spectroscopy and transmission(More)
An increasing number of soils of poor quality with unbalanced metal concentrations are used worldwide for crop cultivation. Even though plants are able to develop strategies to cope with metal stress, either metal deficiency or excess, this unbalance affects the whole plant. Chloroplasts are key organelles for organic matter synthesis and biomass(More)
The transformation of desiccoplasts into etioplasts and the parallel appearance of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) forms were observed with transmission electron microscopy and 77K fluorescence spectroscopy, when air-dried detached leaves of the poikilochlorophyllous desiccation tolerant plant Xerophyta humilis were floated in water in the dark. After 1 week(More)
The last steps of chlorophyll (Chl) biosynthesis were studied at different light intensities and temperatures in dark-germinated ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba L.) seedlings. Pigment contents and 77 K fluorescence emission spectra were measured and the plastid ultrastructure was analysed. All dark-grown organs contained protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) forms with(More)
Food production has to be significantly increased in order to feed the fast growing global population estimated to be 9.1 billion by 2050. The Green Revolution and the development of advanced plant breeding tools have led to a significant increase in agricultural production since the 1960s. However, hundreds of millions of humans are still undernourished,(More)
Prolamellar bodies (PLBs) isolated from etiolated wheat seedlings were studied with the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and fluorescence spectroscopy. With AFM, PLBs were seen as spherical structures about 1-2μm in diameter, more elastic than mica and poly-l-lysine substrate. TEM analyses confirmed that PLBs of(More)
The chloroplast thylakoid ATP/ADP carrier (TAAC) belongs to the mitochondrial carrier superfamily and supplies the thylakoid lumen with stromal ATP in exchange for ADP. Here, we investigate the physiological consequences of TAAC depletion in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). We show that the deficiency of TAAC in two T-DNA insertion lines does not modify(More)