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Environmental stimuli during early stages of life can influence the development of an organism and may result in permanent changes in adult behaviour and physiology. In the present study we investigated the influence of early postnatal handling on adult neuroendocrine and behavioural stress reactivity in Wistar rats. Pups were subjected to handling from(More)
Extensive studies during the past decades provided compelling evidence that glucocorticoids (GCs) have the potential to affect the development, survival and death of neurones. These observations, however, reflect paradoxical features of GCs, as they may be critically involved in both neurodegenerative and neuroprotective processes. Hence, we first address(More)
It has been reported that the ACTH-(4-9) analog H-Met(O(2))-Glu-His-Phe-D-Lys-Phe-OH (ORG 2766) administered in adulthood has trophic effects on neuronal tissue and when given postnatally, it can induce long-lasting changes in brain development. In the present study, we investigated whether early postnatal treatment with ORG 2766 affects adult neuronal(More)
In the present study plastic neural responses to N-methyl-D-aspartate-induced excitotoxic lesions and the neuroprotective effects of the L-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel antagonist nimodipine were investigated in the rat magnocellular nucleus basalis. Assessment of spontaneous behaviour in the elevated plus maze and small open-field paradigms on day(More)
Estradiol exerts beneficial effects on neurodegenerative disorders associated with the decline of cognitive performance. The present study was designed to further investigate the effect of 17beta-estradiol on learning and memory, and to evaluate its neuroprotective action on cholinergic cells of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis, a neural substrate of(More)
Cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain form one of the neuron populations that are susceptible to excitotoxic injury. Whereas neuropharmacological studies have aimed at rescuing cholinergic neurons from acute excitotoxic attacks, the short-term temporal profile of excitotoxic damage to cholinergic nerve cells remains largely elusive. The effects of(More)
This study examined the consequences of elevated corticosterone levels in lactating rats on their offspring's serotonergic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)1A receptor system and behavioral coping with stress. The mothers received normal drinking water or water with corticosterone, which, via the milk, enters the circulation and brains of the pups. In adulthood,(More)
The impact of glucocorticoids on beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta(1-42)) and NMDA-induced neurodegeneration was investigated in vivo. Abeta(1-42) or NMDA was injected into the cholinergic magnocellular nucleus basalis in adrenalectomized (ADX) rats, ADX rats supplemented with 25%, 100%, 2x100% corticosterone pellets, or sham-ADX controls. Abeta(1-42)- or(More)
Recent evidence indicates that stimulation of postsynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors abates excitotoxic neuronal death. Here we investigated whether oral post-lesion administration of the 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist (-)-(R)-2-[4-[[(3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-yl)methyl]amino]butyl]-1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 1,1-dioxide monohydrochloride (Repinotan HCl)(More)
Environmental stimuli during the perinatal period can result in persistent individual differences in neural viability and cognitive functions. Earlier studies have shown that brief daily maternal separation and/or handling of rat pups during the first weeks of life reduces stress reactivity during adulthood and attenuates neuronal loss and cognitive decline(More)