Katalin Müllner

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The possibility that the endogenous opioid system could be involved in the central nervous system (CNS)-mediated gastroprotective effect of clonidine was investigated. Intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) injected clonidine (470 pmol/rat) inhibited the gastric mucosal lesions induced by (orally administered) acidified ethanol in a significant manner in the(More)
Clonidine injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) (0.47 nmol/rat) exerted gastric mucosal protective effect against acidified ethanol. Evidence was obtained that the gastroprotective effect of clonidine was blocked by i.c.v. injected alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonists yohimbine (non-subtype selective antagonist), prazosin and(More)
BACKGROUND Microscopic colitis presents with similar symptoms to classic inflammatory bowel diseases. Osteoporosis is a common complication of Crohn's disease but there are no data concerning bone metabolism in microscopic colitis. AIMS The aim of the present study was to evaluate bone density and metabolism in patients with microscopic colitis. METHODS(More)
Clonidine inhibited the development of gastric mucosal lesions induced by either acidified ethanol or indomethacin. The ED50 values were: 7.1 and 5.2 microg x kg(-1) orally, respectively. The gastroprotective effect was antagonised by the pre-synaptic alpha-2 antagonist yohimbine, the more selective alpha-2 antagonist Ch-38083 and the pre-synaptic alpha-2B(More)
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease as well as other acid-related disorders. PPIs are metabolized primarily via the CYP2C19 and CYP3A4 isoenzymes; their activity is influenced both by exogenous and endogenous (pharmacogenetic) factors. The CYP2C19 polymorphism affects the metabolism of PPIs,(More)
The effect of different opioid peptides on acidified ethanol- and indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal lesions was studied following intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration. It was found that both the selective delta opioid receptor agonists--deltorphin II, [D-Ala(2), D-Leu(5)]-enkephalin (DADLE), [D-Pen(2), D-Pen(5)]-enkephalin (DPDPE)-, mu-opioid(More)
In nucleus tractus solitarii-dorsal vagal nucleus slices prepared from young adult rats (180-260 g) 10(-3) M L-glutamate and 10(-5) M baclofen caused a 2-3-fold increase of field stimulation-induced [3H]-norepinephrine release without affecting the resting release. In slices prepared from rats treated neonatally with monosodium glutamate neither L-glutamate(More)
Probiotics are nowadays frequently used by patients with inflammatory bowel disease, however literature data are conflicting related to their importance. In mild to moderate ulcerative colitis probiotics can be used effectively in induction and maintaining remission, and prevention of pouchitis. As the other side of the shield, there is not sufficient(More)
Sedative and analgesic premedication is frequently used during gastrointestinal endoscopy. Sedation improves patient's compliance, helping the examinations and their safe completion, but it lengthens the procedures, increases the costs, and complications can occur. Sedative drugs are applied during upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy, and also at(More)