Kassem Sharif

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The principal predisposing factor in radiocontrast-induced nephropathy appears to be underlying renal insufficiency. Identifying patients at risk is of paramount importance when a diagnostic study is being chosen. Contrast-reliant studies should be avoided, if possible, in high-risk patients. If challenge with a contrast medium is essential, appropriate(More)
Autoimmune diseases (ADs) are a heterogeneous groups of diseases that occur as a results of loss of tolerance to self antigens. While the etiopathogeneis remain obscure, different environmental factors were suggested to have a role in the development of autoimmunity, including infections, low vitamin D levels, UV radiation, and melatonin. Interestingly,(More)
BACKGROUND Vasculitides are a group of disorders characterized by inflammation of vessels. Vasculitides may have life-threatening complications with significant morbidity and mortality; however, information regarding the outcome and prognosis of patients with vasculitides requiring intensive care unit (ICU) is scarce. METHODS Data of patients with(More)
Breast milk is not only a completely adapted nutrition source for the newborn but also an impressive array of immune-active molecules that afford protection against infections and shape mucosal immune responses. Decisive imprinting events might be modulated during the first months of life with potential health long-term effects, enhancing the importance of(More)
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES Rituximab is a chimeric monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody approved for the treatment of some lymphoid malignancies as well as for autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and vasculitis. Generally, rituximab is well tolerated; nevertheless, some patients develop adverse(More)
Ferritin, which was only discovered in the last century has stirred a formidable debate.. For long, Ferritin was appreciated as a non-specific acute phase reactant. Several years ago, we hypothesized the contributory role of ferritin as a pathogenic molecule rather than being a product of inflammation. Latest emerging evidence provide support to this(More)
Coffee is one of the world's most consumed beverage. In the last decades, coffee consumption has attracted a huge body of research due to its impact on health. Recent scientific evidences showed that coffee intake could be associated with decreased mortality from cardiovascular and neurological diseases, diabetes type II, as well as from endometrial and(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibody disease, or Goodpasture's disease, is the clinical manifestation of the production of anti-GBM antibodies, which causes rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis with or without pulmonary hemorrhage. Anti-GBM antibody detection is mandatory for the diagnosis of Goodpasture's disease either from the(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common chronic autoimmune disease of the joints affecting close to 0.5-1.0% of the general population. Although the etiopathogenesis of RA remains elusive, the involvement of dendritic cells and type 17 T-helper cells appears to be pivotal in maintaining a state of chronic inflammation. RA is generally characterized by(More)
INTRODUCTION Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease. In SLE, immune system dysfunction is postulated to result by virtue of the disease itself as well as by the impact of treatment modalities employed. A myriad of immune dysregulations occur including complement system dysfunction among others. Infectious agents are(More)