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Tumor hypoxia is a common microenvironmental factor that adversely influences tumor phenotype and treatment response. Cellular adaptation to hypoxia occurs through multiple mechanisms, including activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). Recent reports have indicated that hypoxia activates a lysosomal degradation pathway known as autophagy, and here(More)
Inflammation contributes to renal ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury, potentially causing renal dysfunction. The inflammatory infiltrate mainly consists of neutrophils, which are deleterious for the renal tissue. Because CD44 is expressed by neutrophils and is rapidly upregulated by capillary endothelial cells after I/R injury, it was hypothesized that CD44(More)
PURPOSE Conditions of poor oxygenation (hypoxia) are present in many human tumors, including cervix cancer, and are associated with increased risk of metastasis and poor prognosis. Hypoxia is a potent activator of the PERK/eIF2α signaling pathway, a component of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and an important mediator of hypoxia tolerance and tumor(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple Myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell malignancy residing within the bone marrow (BM). We aim to develop allogeneic Natural Killer (NK) cell immunotherapy for MM. As the BM contains hypoxic regions and the tumor environment can be immunosuppressive, we hypothesized that hypoxia inhibits NK cell anti-MM responses. METHODS NK cells(More)
INTRODUCTION Hypoxia in solid tumors is associated with treatment resistance, resulting in poor prognosis. Tribbles homolog 3 (TRIB3) is induced during hypoxia and is involved in multiple cellular pathways involved in cell survival. Here, we investigated the role of TRIB3 in breast cancer. METHODS TRIB3 mRNA expression was measured in breast tumor tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Acute pyelonephritis is one of the most common bacterial infections. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is a potent fibrinolytic agent, but can play a role in inflammatory processes as well. METHODS We induced pyelonephritis in tPA(-/-) and C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice by intravesical inoculation with 10(10) CFU uropathogenic Escherichia(More)
Immunotherapy with allogeneic natural killer (NK) cells offers therapeutic perspectives for multiple myeloma patients. Here, we aimed to refine NK cell therapy by evaluation of the relevance of HLA-class I and HLA-E for NK anti-myeloma reactivity. We show that HLA-class I was strongly expressed on the surface of patient-derived myeloma cells and on myeloma(More)
Purpose: Conditions of poor oxygenation (hypoxia) are present in many human tumors, including cervix cancer, and are associated with increased risk of metastasis and poor prognosis. Hypoxia is a potent activator of the PERK/eIF2a signaling pathway, a component of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and an important mediator of hypoxia tolerance and tumor(More)
Autophagy is best known as a lysosomal degradation and recycling pathway to maintain cellular homeostasis. During autophagy, cytoplasmic content is recognized and packed in autophagic vacuoles, or autophagosomes, and targeted for degradation. However, during the last years, it has become evident that the role of autophagy is not restricted to degradation(More)
BACKGROUND Since CD44 is involved in activation, proliferation, rolling and extravasation of lymphocytes, we hypothesized that it could be involved in the pathophysiology of acute renal allograft rejection. METHODS Plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected from patients 24 h prior to transplantation and analysed retrospectively.(More)
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