Kasper M. A. Rouschop

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Tumor hypoxia is a common microenvironmental factor that adversely influences tumor phenotype and treatment response. Cellular adaptation to hypoxia occurs through multiple mechanisms, including activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). Recent reports have indicated that hypoxia activates a lysosomal degradation pathway known as autophagy, and here(More)
TLRs are conserved pattern recognition receptors that detect motifs of pathogens and host material released during injury. For unknown reasons, renal TLR2 mRNA is mainly expressed by tubular cells and is enhanced upon renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We evaluated the role of TLR2 in I/R injury using TLR2-/- and TLR2+/+ mice, TLR2 antisense(More)
Inflammation contributes to renal ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury, potentially causing renal dysfunction. The inflammatory infiltrate mainly consists of neutrophils, which are deleterious for the renal tissue. Because CD44 is expressed by neutrophils and is rapidly upregulated by capillary endothelial cells after I/R injury, it was hypothesized that CD44(More)
The poorly developed vasculature in solid human tumors is responsible for a profound level of intra- and inter-tumor heterogeneity in oxygen concentration. High levels of hypoxia are associated with poor patient prognosis due in part to hypoxia-induced changes in cell metabolism, angiogenesis, invasiveness and resistance to therapy. Over the past decade(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hypoxia is a common feature of solid tumors associated with therapy resistance, increased malignancy and poor prognosis. Several approaches have been developed with the hope of identifying patients harboring hypoxic tumors including the use of microarray based gene signatures. However, studies to date have largely ignored the strong(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Human tumors are characterized by the presence of cells that experience periodic episodes of hypoxia followed by reoxygenation. These cells are exposed to reactive oxygen species (ROS) upon reoxygenation and require adaptation to this stress by lowering ROS production or enhancing ROS-clearance for their survival. We hypothesized that(More)
The urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is expressed at the cell surface of inflammatory cells and plays an important role in neutrophil migration. To investigate the in vivo role of uPAR during urinary tract infection, acute pyelonephritis was induced in uPAR-/- and wild-type (WT) mice by intravesical inoculation with 1 x 10(9) colony-forming(More)
CD44 is a glycoprotein involved in inflammation and cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions. CD44 is upregulated in the kidney upon injury; however, its role in the pathogenesis of renal damage and fibrosis remains largely unknown. The authors show that mice lacking CD44 developed more tubular damage, associated with decreased proliferation and increased(More)
Acute renal failure is often the result of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Neutrophil influx is an important damaging event in I/R. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) not only is a major fibrinolytic agent but also is involved in inflammatory processes. A distinct upregulation of tPA after I/R, with de novo tPA production by proximal renal tubules,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tumour hypoxia contributes to failure of cancer treatment through its ability to protect against therapy and adversely influence tumour biology. In particular, several studies suggest that hypoxia promotes metastasis. Hypoxia-induced cellular changes are mediated by oxygen-sensitive signaling pathways that activate downstream(More)