Kasper Engholm-Keller

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Phosphorylation, the reversible addition of a phosphate group to amino acid side chains of proteins, is a fundamental regulator of protein activity, stability, and molecular interactions. Most cellular processes, such as inter- and intracellular signaling, protein synthesis, degradation, and apoptosis, rely on phosphorylation. This PTM is thus involved in(More)
Large scale quantitative phosphoproteomics depends upon multidimensional strategies for peptide fractionation, phosphopeptide enrichment, and mass spectrometric analysis. Previously, most robust comprehensive large-scale phosphoproteomics strategies have relied on milligram amounts of protein. We have set up a multi-dimensional phosphoproteomics strategy(More)
We demonstrate labeling of Caenorhabditis elegans with heavy isotope–labeled lysine by feeding them with heavy isotope–labeled Escherichia coli. Using heavy isotope–labeled worms and quantitative proteomics methods, we identified several proteins that are regulated in response to loss or RNAi-mediated knockdown of the nuclear hormone receptor 49 in C.(More)
We describe a method that combines an optimized titanium dioxide protocol and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography to simultaneously enrich, identify and quantify phosphopeptides and formerly N-linked sialylated glycopeptides to monitor changes associated with cell signaling during mouse brain development. We initially applied the method to(More)
Cysteine (Cys) oxidation is a crucial post-translational modification (PTM) associated with redox signaling and oxidative stress. As Cys is highly reactive to oxidants it forms a range of post-translational modifications, some that are biologically reversible (e.g. disulfides, Cys sulfenic acid) and others (Cys sulfinic [Cys-SO2H] and sulfonic [Cys-SO3H](More)
The terminal monosaccharide of cell surface glycoconjugates is typically a sialic acid (SA), and aberrant sialylation is involved in several diseases. Several methodological approaches in sample preparation and subsequent analysis using mass spectrometry (MS) have enabled the identification of glycosylation sites and the characterization of glycan(More)
Extracellular and cell surface proteins are generally modified with N-linked glycans and glycopeptide enrichment is an attractive tool to analyze these proteins. The role of N-linked glycoproteins in cardiovascular disease, particularly ischemia and reperfusion injury, is poorly understood. Observation of glycopeptides by mass spectrometry is challenging(More)
N-Linked glycoproteins are involved in several diseases and are important as potential diagnostic molecules for biomarker discovery. Therefore, it is important to provide sensitive and reliable analytical methods to identify not only the glycoproteins but also the sites of glycosylation. Recently, numerous strategies to identify N-linked glycosylation sites(More)
Characterization of the biomolecules involved in molecular processes occurring in biological systems such as the human cell remains central to biology, biotechnology, and medicine. One of the preferred methods of selectively purifying specific classes of biomolecules from complex biological matrices for further characterization is affinity chromatography,(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can differentiate into neural stem cells (NSCs), which can further be differentiated into neurons and glia cells. Therefore, these cells have huge potential as source for treatment of neurological diseases. Membrane-associated proteins are very important in cellular signaling and recognition, and their function and(More)