Kaspar von Meyenburg

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DNA replication was studied in a dnaA(Ts) strain containing a plasmid with the dnaA+ gene under plac control. At 42 degrees C, initiation of DNA replication was totally dependent upon the gratuitous inducer isopropyl beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG). Flow cytometric measurements showed that at 13% induction of the lac promoter the growth rate, cell size,(More)
The parB region of plasmid R1 encodes two genes, hok and sok, which are required for the plasmid-stabilizing activity exerted by parB. The hok gene encodes a potent cell-killing factor, and it is regulated by the sok gene product such that cells losing a parB-carrying plasmid during cell division are rapidly killed. Coinciding with death of the host cell, a(More)
The growth rate of Escherichia coli can be limited by the availability of carbon and energy. To impose such a limitation, alpha-methylglucoside (alpha MG), a non-metabolizable analogue, can be used to decrease uptake of glucose by competition for the transport of this sugar. Varying the ratio of glucose to alphaMG allowed shifts in growth rate without(More)
Batch cultures of Escherichia coli were grown in minimal media supplemented with various carbon sources which supported growth at specific growth rates from 0.2 to 1.3/h. The respiration rates of the cultures were measured continuously. With few exceptions, the specific rate of oxygen consumption was about 20 mmol of O2/h per g (dry weight), suggesting that(More)
The origin of replication, oriC, of the Escherichia coli chromosome was mapped within a DNA segment of 422 base pairs. The nucleotide sequence of this segment was determined. The source of DNA for the sequence analysis was a minichromosome constructed in vivo, consisting exclusively of chromosomal DNA and a minichromosome constructed by cloning in vitro.(More)
The alternative pathway of DNA replication in rnh mutants of Escherichia coli can be continuously initiated in the presence of chloramphenicol, giving rise to constitutive stable DNA replication (cSDR). We conducted a physiological analysis of cSDR in rnh-224 mutants in the presence or absence of the normal DNA replication system. The following results were(More)
The organization of six open reading frames which were deduced from the nucleotide sequence of some 10 kb from the replication origin region of Bacillus subtilis resembles the organization of the genes in the rnpA-dnaA-gyrB region of the Escherichia coli chromosome. Based on the detection of homology with the E. coli genes the open reading frames were found(More)
Cultures of escherichia coli growing exponentially in Trisacetate medium were subjected to nutritional shift-up and the pool size of guanosine 5'-3'-diphosphate-3'diphosphate (ppGpp) as well as the rates of protein synthesis and net RNA synthesis were determined. In the shift to a rich medium (glucose plus 19 amino acids plus hypoxanthine) the basal level(More)
The rate of ribosome synthesis and accumulation in Escherichia coli during the transition after an energy source shift-down was analyzed. The shift was imposed on cultures of stringent and relaxed strains growing in glucose minimal medium by the addition of the glucose analogue alpha-methylglucoside. In the stringent strain, ribosome synthesis was almost(More)